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Sprengel deformity

Other Names for this Disease
  • Congenital upward displacement of the scapula
  • High scapula
  • Maladie de Sprengel familiale
  • Sprengel's shoulder
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Sprengel deformity is a condition where one or both shoulder blades are underdeveloped and abnormally high placed.[1] There may also be anomalies of the bone and soft tissues in the shoulder girdle.[2] The condition is caused by the failure of descent of the shoulder blades during fetal development. It is more common in girls.[1] The condition is most commonly sporadic, although rare familial cases have been reported.[3]
Last updated: 5/9/2011


  1. Sprengel's Deformity. Orthoseek. Accessed 8/25/2010.
  2. Ahmad AA. Surgical correction of severe Sprengel deformity to allow greater postoperative range of shoulder abduction. J Pediatr Orthop. 2010 Sep; Accessed 5/9/2011.
  3. MM Thacker, Feldman D. Sprengel Deformity. eMedicine. July 6, 2009; Accessed 8/25/2010.
  4. Wawrzynek W, Siemianowicz A, Koczy B, Kasprowska S, Besler K. Usefulness of computed tomography with three-dimensional reconstructions in visualization of cervical spine malformation of a child with Sprengel's deformity. Chir Narzadow Ruchu Orthop Pol. ;. 2005;70(2):131-3; Accessed 8/25/2010.
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Basic Information

  • The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.

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  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Sprengel deformity. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.