Superior mesenteric artery syndrome
- Arteriomesenteric duodenal compression syndrome
- Cast syndrome
- Vascular compression of the duodenum
- Wilkie syndrome
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- prolonged bed rest
- rapid, severe weight loss
- rapid growth
- previous abdominal surgery
- use of body casts
- loss of tone in abdominal muscles
SMAS has also been reported to occur in some people with pancreatitis, peptic ulcers, and other inflammatory conditions of the abdomen. Rarely, the condition may be caused by an abnormality in the structure of the body (such as unusual position or location of the artery). Familial SMAS, recurrent SMAS, and idiopathic neonatal SMAS have also been reported.
- Superior Mesenteric Artery (SMA) Syndrome. International Foundation for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders. September 2014; http://www.iffgd.org/site/gi-disorders/other/sma-syndrome.
- Frederick Merrill Karrer, MD. Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome Clinical Presentation. Medscape Reference. October 2014; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/932220-overview.