Superior mesenteric artery syndrome
Other Names for this Disease
- Arteriomesenteric duodenal compression syndrome
- Cast syndrome
- Vascular compression of the duodenum
- Wilkie syndrome
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- prolonged bed rest
- rapid, severe weight loss
- rapid growth
- previous abdominal surgery
- use of body casts
- loss of tone in abdominal muscles
SMAS has also been reported to occur in some people with pancreatitis, peptic ulcers, and other inflammatory conditions in the abdomen. Rarely, the condition may be caused by an anatomical abnormality (such as unusual position or location of the artery). Familial SMAS, recurrent SMAS, and idiopathic neonatal SMAS have also been reported.
- Juan-R. Malagelada, Carolina Malagelada . Chapter 8 - Nausea and Vomiting. In: Mark Feldman, Lawrence S. Friedman, Lawrence J. Brandt. Sleisenger & Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease, 8th edition. Philadelphia, PA : Saunders Elsevier; 2006;
- Frederick Merrill Karrer. Superior Mesenteric Artery Syndrome. Medscape Reference. September 4, 2012; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/932220-overview. Accessed 3/26/2014.