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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita


Other Names for this Disease

  • Arthrogryposis
  • Congenital arthromyodysplasia
  • Congenital multiple arthrogryposis
  • Fibrous ankylosis of multiple joints
  • Guerin-Stern syndrome
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Overview

Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita (AMC) is a group of nonprogressive conditions that cause multiple joint contractures (stiff joints) and abnormal muscle development.[1] The signs and symptoms of AMC are present at birth but can vary greatly in severity. The exact cause of AMC is not fully understood, but it is thought to be associated with decreased movement or limited space in utero, connective tissue disorders, or maternal illness. Sometimes AMC occurs as part of genetic syndrome. Treatment focuses on the specific symptoms experienced by each individual and may include physical therapy, removable splints, exercise, or surgery.[2]
Last updated: 12/18/2012

References

  1. Chen H. Arthrogryposis. eMedicine. August 8, 2007; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/941917-overview. Accessed 2/2/2009.
  2. Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita. NORD. June 21, 2010; http://www.rarediseases.org/rare-disease-information/rare-diseases/byID/211/viewAbstract. Accessed 6/12/2012.
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Basic Information

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. Click on the link to view this information. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • MeSH® (Medical Subject Headings) is a terminology tool used by the National Library of Medicine. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
  • The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Arthrogryposis
  • Congenital arthromyodysplasia
  • Congenital multiple arthrogryposis
  • Fibrous ankylosis of multiple joints
  • Guerin-Stern syndrome
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.