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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Other Names for this Disease
  • TBM
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What is the long-term prognosis of tracheobronchomalacia?

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What is the long-term prognosis in tracheobronchomalacia?

Long-term prognosis for individuals with tracheobronchomalacia (TBM) is different for children and adults.  In children, prognosis is quite variable and depends on the severity of the disease, which ranges from mild to life-threatening.  In adults, TBM can remain stable over time, but tends to worsen in a majority of affected individuals.[1]  If an affected adult does not pursue treatment, TBM may cause significant breathing problems, but it is rarely life-threatening.  In general, advances in treatment of tracheobronchomalacia have improved long-term prognosis for affected individuals at any age.[2]
Last updated: 11/20/2012

  • Carden KA, Boiselle PM, Waltz DA, and Ernst A. . Tracheomalacia and Tracheobronchomalacia in Children and Adults: An In-Depth Review. Chest. 2005; 127(3):984-1005. Accessed 9/12/2013.
  • Ridge CA, O'donnell CR, Lee EY, Majid A, Boiselle PM. Tracheobronchomalacia: current concepts and controversies. Journal of Thoracic Imaging. 2011; 26:278-289. Accessed 11/20/2012.