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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Tracheobronchomalacia


Other Names for this Disease

  • TBM
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Your Question

What is the long-term prognosis of tracheobronchomalacia?

Our Answer

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What is the long-term prognosis in tracheobronchomalacia?

Long-term prognosis for individuals with tracheobronchomalacia (TBM) is different for children and adults.  In children, prognosis is quite variable and depends on the severity of the disease, which ranges from mild to life-threatening.  In adults, TBM can remain stable over time, but tends to worsen in a majority of affected individuals.[1]  If an affected adult does not pursue treatment, TBM may cause significant breathing problems, but it is rarely life-threatening.  In general, advances in treatment of tracheobronchomalacia have improved long-term prognosis for affected individuals at any age.[2]
Last updated: 11/20/2012

References
  • Carden KA, Boiselle PM, Waltz DA, and Ernst A. . Tracheomalacia and Tracheobronchomalacia in Children and Adults: An In-Depth Review. Chest. 2005; 127(3):984-1005. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15764786. Accessed 9/12/2013.
  • Ridge CA, O'donnell CR, Lee EY, Majid A, Boiselle PM. Tracheobronchomalacia: current concepts and controversies. Journal of Thoracic Imaging. 2011; 26:278-289. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22009081. Accessed 11/20/2012.
Other Names for this Disease
  • TBM
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.