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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Other Names for this Disease
  • Kochs disease
  • TB
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Tuberculosis (TB) is a contagious and often severe airborne disease caused by infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). TB typically affects the lungs, but it also can affect any other organ of the body. It is estimated that more than one-third of the world’s population has Mtb infection; however, only one in ten people infected with TB bacteria develop active TB disease. Early symptoms of active TB can include weight loss, fever, night sweats, and loss of appetite. Symptoms involving areas other than the lungs vary, depending upon the organ or area affected. It is usually treated with a regimen of drugs taken for 6 months to 2 years depending on the type of infection, and can be cured in most people.[1]
Last updated: 5/13/2011


  1. Understanding Tuberculosis. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. August 6, 2009; Accessed 5/13/2011.
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Basic Information

  • You can obtain information on this topic from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). The CDC is recognized as the lead federal agency for developing and applying disease prevention and control, environmental health, and health promotion and education activities designed to improve the health of the people of the United States.
  • MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic.
  • The National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS) support research into the causes, treatment, and prevention of arthritis and musculoskeletal and skin diseases, the training of basic and clinical scientists to carry out this research, and the dissemination of information on research progress in these diseases. Click on the link to view information on this topic.

In Depth Information

  • MeSH® (Medical Subject Headings) is a terminology tool used by the National Library of Medicine. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
  • The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is an catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Tuberculosis. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.