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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Turner syndrome


Other Names for this Disease
  • 45, X Syndrome
  • Bonnevie-Ulrich syndrome
  • Chromosome X Monosomy X
  • Gonadal Dysgenesis (45,X)
  • Schereshevkii Turner Syndrome
More Names
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Your Question

I have Turner syndrome, and have been getting my period regularly. Does this mean that my hormones are at a normal level right now? Also, I was wondering if women with Turner syndrome are able to have a normal sexual life or if it is harder for them to get sexually aroused because of hormone differences.

Our Answer

We have identified the following information that we hope you find helpful. If you still have questions, please contact us.

I have Turner syndrome and I am having normal periods. Does this mean my hormone values are normal?

Your health care provider can help you determine whether your hormone levels are within the normal range. About 2-5% of individuals with Turner syndrome have spontaneous periods and have the potential to achieve pregnancy without medical intervention.[1] However, many affected women have absent or decreased ovarian function and need hormone therapy to achieve their period.[1]  
Last updated: 6/18/2012

Do women with Turner syndrome have more difficulties with sexual arousal than women without Turner syndrome? If so is this due to hormonal imbalances?

Studies suggest that dating and initiation of sexual activities may be somewhat delayed or infrequent for some women with Turner syndrome. This may be due to a genetic or hormonal influence, or may be a result of self-esteem issues experienced by many affected women.[1]

A 2008 study by Sheaffer AT et al examined factors that might influence sexual function in women with Turner syndrome. They reported that women with Turner syndrome who were in a partner relationship (30% of those surveyed) reported relatively normal overall sexual function, but the majority of unpartnered women reported very low level sexual functioning. Estrogen use, testosterone levels, and age of puberty did not appear to influence sexual function.[2]

To view selected full-text journal articles on this topic, click here.
Last updated: 6/18/2012

How can I find a Turner syndrome specialty clinic?

The Turner Syndrome Society of the United States has a “Professional Directory” on their Web site which lists the names and contact information for professionals familiar with Turner syndrome. Click on the link above to view this directory.
Last updated: 6/19/2012

References