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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Neurofibromatosis type 1

Other Names for this Disease
  • NF1
  • Recklinghausen's disease
  • Type 1 neurofibromatosis
  • Von Recklinghausen disease
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Your Question

In neurofibromatosis type 1 does injury to a neurofibroma cause a growth increase in the nodule or any other problems? Should special precautions be taken to avoid damage to a neurofibroma?

Our Answer

We have identified the following information that we hope you find helpful. If you still have questions, please contact us.

What is a neurofibroma?

A neurofibroma is a non-cancerous (benign) tumor that develops from the cells and tissues that cover nerves.[1] Some people who develop neurofibromas have a genetic condition known as neurofibromatosis (NF). There are different types of NF, but type 1 is the most common.
Last updated: 6/6/2012

Does injury to a neurofibroma cause it to grow or result in other problems?

As with any injury, it is important that breaks in the skin are protected from infection and inflammation. If a neurofibroma is shaved off due to an injury, the neurofibroma can return.[2] To learn more about how you should care for an injured neurofibroma or specific suggestions for avoiding injury, we recommend that you speak with your health care provider.
Last updated: 6/8/2012

  • Dictionary of cancer terms. National Cancer Institute Web site. Accessed 9/16/2008.
  • Viskochil D. Neurofibromatosis type 1. In: Cassidy SB, Allanson JE. Management of Genetic Syndromes. Hoboken NJ: Wiley-Liss; 2005;