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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Watermelon stomach


Other Names for this Disease

  • Gastric antral vascular ectasia
  • GAVE
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Overview

Watermelon stomach is a condition in which the lining of the stomach bleeds, causing it to look like the characteristic stripes of a watermelon when viewed by endoscopy. Although it can develop in men and women of all ages, watermelon stomach is most commonly observed in older women (over age 70 years). Signs and symptoms of watermelon stomach include blood in stool, hematemesis (vomiting blood) and anemia.[1] The exact cause of watermelon stomach is unknown; however, it is often diagnosed in people with other chronic (long-term) conditions such as cirrhosis (scarring of the liver and poor liver function), autoimmune disease, systemic sclerosis, and CREST syndrome. Treatment consists of surgery and/or medications to stop or control the bleeding.[2]
Last updated: 12/6/2014

References

  1. Don C Rockey, MD. Uncommon causes of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in adults. UpToDate. April 2014;
  2. Kar P, Mitra S, Resnick JM, Torbey CF. Gastric antral vascular ectasia: case report and review of the literature.. Clin Med Res. June 2013; 11(2):80-85. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3692392/pdf/0110080.pdf.
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Basic Information

  • The International Scleroderma Network has an information page on watermelon stomach because this condition is sometimes associated with a condition called diffuse systemic scleroderma. Click on The International Scleroderma Network to view the information page.

In Depth Information

  • MeSH® (Medical Subject Headings) is a terminology tool used by the National Library of Medicine. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Watermelon stomach. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Gastric antral vascular ectasia
  • GAVE
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.