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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Watermelon stomach


Other Names for this Disease

  • Gastric antral vascular ectasia
  • GAVE
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Treatment

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How might watermelon stomach be treated?

Watermelon stomach is usually treated with endoscopic laser surgery or argon plasma coagulation. Both of these procedures are performed by endoscopy. Endoscopic laser surgery uses a laser light to treat bleeding blood vessels, while argon plasma coagulation uses argon gas and electrical current to seal irregular or bleeding tissue.[1][2]

In some cases, people may be treated with certain medications that help stop or control the gastrointestinal bleeding. Corticosteriods, tranexamic acid, and hormone therapy (with estrogen and progesterone) have been used to treat watermelon stomach with some success.[2]

Depending on the severity of the bleeding, blood transfusions may also be necessary at the time of diagnosis. Additional transfusions may be recommended if gastrointestinal bleeding can not be stopped or controlled.[2]
Last updated: 12/6/2014

References
  1. Don C Rockey, MD. Uncommon causes of upper gastrointestinal bleeding in adults. UpToDate. April 2014;
  2. Kar P, Mitra S, Resnick JM, Torbey CF. Gastric antral vascular ectasia: case report and review of the literature.. Clin Med Res. June 2013; 11(2):80-85. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3692392/pdf/0110080.pdf.


Clinical Trials & Research for this Disease

  • ClinicalTrials.gov lists trials that are studying or have studied Watermelon stomach. Click on the link to go to ClinicalTrials.gov to read descriptions of these studies.
Other Names for this Disease
  • Gastric antral vascular ectasia
  • GAVE
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.