Other Names for this Disease
- Diabetes insipidus - diabetes mellitus - optic atrophy - deafness
- Diabetes insipidus and mellitus with optic atrophy and deafness
- DIDMOAD syndrome
diabetes insipidus (DI), childhood-onset diabetes mellitus (DM), a gradual loss of vision caused by optic atrophy (OA), and deafness (D). There are two types of Wolfram syndrome (type 1 and type 2) which are primarily differentiated by their genetic cause. Type 1 is caused by changes (mutations) in the WFS1 gene, while type 2 is caused by mutations in the CISD2 gene. Both forms are inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. Treatment is symptomatic and supportive.Wolfram syndrome, which is also known by the acronym DIDMOAD, is an inherited condition characterized by
Last updated: 12/8/2014
- Wolfram syndrome. Genetics Home Reference. 2012; http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/wolfram-syndrome. Accessed 1/21/2014.
- Tranebjærg L, Barrett T & Rendtorff ND. WFS1-Related Disorders. Gene Reviews. 2013; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK4144/. Accessed 1/21/2014.
- Wolfram Syndrome 2. OMIM. September 2014; http://omim.org/entry/604928.
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- Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Wolfram syndrome. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.
- The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
- Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
Wolfram Syndrome 1
Wolfram Syndrome 2
Wolfram Syndrome, Mitochondrial Form
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Wolfram syndrome. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.