Your browser does not support javascript:   Search for gard hereSearch for news-and-events here.


Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Print friendly version

PHACE syndrome

Other Names for this Disease
  • P-CIIS
  • Pascual-Castroviejo type II syndrome
  • PHACE association
  • PHACES association
  • Posterior fossa brain malformations, hemangiomas of the face, arterial anomalies, cardiac anomalies, and eye abnormalities
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.


PHACE syndrome is the association of a large hemangioma, usually on the face or neck, in combination with one or more other birth defects.[1]  People with PHACE syndrome may have Posterior fossa brain malformations, Hemangioma, Arterial lesions (blood vessel abnormalities in the head or neck), Cardiac (heart) abnormalities/aortic coarctation, and Eye abnormalities.[1] Symptoms and symptom severity may vary from person to person. The cause of the condition is currently unknown. It affects girls much more often than boys.[1]

Last updated: 11/14/2012


  1. PHACE syndrome. Children's Hospital of Wisconsin. .; Accessed 11/14/2012.
Your Questions Answered
by the Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center

Please contact us with your questions about PHACE syndrome. We will answer your question and update these pages with new resources and information.

Basic Information

  • The Childrens Craniofacial Association offers a booklet titled, A Guide to Understanding Hemangiomas. Click on Childrens Craniofacial Association to view a PDF copy of the booklet.
  • The Children's Hospital of Wisconsin Web site provides detailed information on PHACE association for people with this condition and their families. Click on the link above to access this page.

In Depth Information

  • MeSH® (Medical Subject Headings) is a terminology tool used by the National Library of Medicine. Click on the link to view information on this topic.
  • The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is an catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.  Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss PHACE syndrome. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.

Selected Full-Text Journal Articles


  • PHACEing the Future Conference (Series 2)
    PHACE Syndrome Imaging Basics (Craig Johnson, DO)
    Arterial Anomalies in PHACE Syndrome (Christopher Hess, MD, PhD)
    Advocating, Resources, Online Support and Insurance (Karla Hall, NOVA)
  • PHACEing the Future Conference (Series 1)
    Treatment of Infantile Hemangiomas in PHACE Syndrome (Beth Drolet, MD)
    PHACE Syndrome-Where we have been-Where we are going (Ilona Frieden, MD)
    Laser Treatment for Hemangiomas: Sorting Through the Myths (Maria Garzon, MD)
  • PHACEing the Future Conference (Series 3)
    Child Adjustment and Self Concept (Patricia Marik, PsyD)
    Parent and Family Adjustment (Jennifer Hoag, PhD),
    Update on PHACE Syndrome (Denise Metry, MD)
  • PHACEing the Future Conference (Series 4)
    Neurological Implications of PHACE Syndrome (Sunila O'Connor, MD)
    PHACE Syndrome and Genetic Research (Dawn Siegel, MD)
    Question and Answer Period