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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Ocular albinism type 1

Other Names for this Disease
  • Nettleship-Falls type ocular albinism
  • OA1
  • X-linked ocular albinism
  • X-linked recessive ocular albinism
  • XLOA
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Your Question

How bad will it get? I'm 43. Will it get worse?

Our Answer

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What is the long-term outlook for individuals with ocular albinism type 1?

Ocular albinism type 1 (OA1) a non-progressive disorder. Visual acuity typically remains stable throughout life, even often slowly improving into the mid-teens.[1] Although nystagmus usually develops within the first 3 months of life, it can diminish with time. However, it rarely completely disappears.[2] Because the specific ocular signs and symptoms in affected individuals van vary, the condition may cause some individuals to be more visually incapacitated than others. People with OA1 have a normal life expectancy.[1]
Last updated: 6/27/2013