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Other Names for this Disease
- Hypomagnesemia-hypokalemia, primary renotubular, with hypocalciuria
- Potassium and magnesium depletion
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Gitelman syndrome is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner. This means that in affected individuals, both copies of the disease-causing gene in each cell have a mutation. The parents of an affected individual each carry one mutated copy of the disease-causing gene and are referred to as carriers. Carriers typically do not show signs or symptoms of the condition. When two carriers of an autosomal recessive condition have children, each child has a 25% (1 in 4) risk to have the condition, a 50% (1 in 2) risk to be a carrier like each of the parents, and a 25% chance to not have the condition and not be a carrier.
Last updated: 11/25/2011