Print friendly version
Other Names for this Disease
- Hashimoto's encephalopathy
- Steroid-responsive encephalopathy associated with autoimmune thyroiditis
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.
 The condition is characterized by high titers of antithyroid antibodies in blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Two types of HE have been suggested: a vasculitic type characterized by multiple relapsing-remitting stroke-like episodes and mild cognitive impairment, and a diffuse progressive type characterized by dementia and psychiatric symptoms. Patients are mostly women. Treatment includes steroids, plasmapheresis (plasma exchange), or immunosuppressant medications.Hashimoto's encephalitis (HE) is a rare autoimmune disease with neurological and psychiatric features.
Last updated: 4/16/2010
- Mijajlovic M, Mirkovic M, Dackovic, J et al.. J Neurol Sci. 2010; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19846119. Accessed 4/16/2010.
- Mocellin R, Walterfang M, Velakoulis D. CNS Drugs. 2007; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17850170. Accessed 4/16/2010.
- Marshall GA, Doyle JJ. J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2006; http://neuro.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/content/full/18/1/14. Accessed 4/16/2010.
- Schiess N, Pardo CA. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2008; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18990131. Accessed 4/16/2010.
In Depth Information
- Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs. Access to this database is free of charge.
- PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Hashimoto's encephalitis. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Selected Full-Text Journal Articles
- Marshall GA, Doyle JJ. Long-term treatment of Hashimoto's encephalopathy. Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences. 2006 Winter;18(1):14-20. http://neuro.psychiatryonline.org/cgi/content/full/18/1/14