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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Granulosa cell tumor of the ovary


Other Names for this Disease

  • Adult granulosa cell tumor of the ovary
  • GCT of the ovary
  • Granulosa theca cell tumor
  • Granulosa theca cell tumor of the ovary
  • GTCT
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Overview

Granulosa cell tumor of the ovary is a rare type of ovarian cancer that accounts for approximately 2% of all ovarian tumors. This type of tumor is known as a sex cord-stromal tumor and usually occurs in adults. Granulosa cell tumors of the ovary cause higher than normal levels of estrogen in a woman's body.  The symptoms of this excess estrogen depend on the woman's menstrual status; the most common symptoms include early puberty for affected young girls, an increase in abdomen size or irregularities of menstrual cycles in premenopausal women, and abnormal uterine bleeding in postmenopausal women. The exact cause of granulosa cell tumors is unknown.  Treatment consists of surgery to remove the tumor, and additional treatments may also be used depending on the extent of the tumor.[1]
Last updated: 11/14/2011

References

  1. Michener CM, Starks DC. Granulosa-Theca Cell Tumors . eMedicine. Janaury 2010; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/254489-overview#showall. Accessed 11/9/2011.
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Other Names for this Disease
  • Adult granulosa cell tumor of the ovary
  • GCT of the ovary
  • Granulosa theca cell tumor
  • Granulosa theca cell tumor of the ovary
  • GTCT
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.