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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Retinitis pigmentosa 1


Other Names for this Disease

  • RP1
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.

Overview

Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is the name given to a group of inherited eye diseases that affect the light-sensitive part of the eye (retina). RP causes cells in the retina to breakdown and die, eventually resulting in vision loss. The first sign of RP is usually night blindness. As the condition progresses, affected individuals also develop tunnel vision. Sometimes RP occurs by itself (isolated RP), and other times it occurs with additional signs and symptoms (syndromic RP). Mutations in at least 50 genes have been found to cause RP. There is no cure for RP, however, there are a few treatment options to slow down the progression of the disease. These options include light avoidance, use of low-vision aids, and vitamin A supplementation.[1]
Last updated: 10/14/2011

References

  1. Learning About Retinitis Pigmentosa. National Human Genome Research Institute Web site. December 2010; http://www.genome.gov/13514348. Accessed 9/7/2012.
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Basic Information

  • MedlinePlus was designed by the National Library of Medicine to help you research your health questions, and it provides more information about this topic.
  • The Merck Manuals Online Medical Library provides information on this condition for patients and caregivers. 
  • The National Eye Institute (NEI) was established by Congress in 1968 to protect and prolong the vision of the American people. Click on the link to view information on this topic. 
  • The National Human Genome Research Institute's (NHGRI) mission encompasses a broad range of studies aimed at understanding the structure and function of the human genome and its role in health and disease. Click on the link to view the information page on this topic.
  • The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. Click on the link to view this information. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Retinitis pigmentosa 1. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.
Other Names for this Disease
  • RP1
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.