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Other Names for this Disease
- Cataract, congenital, blue dot type 1
- Cataract, congenital, cerulean type 1
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 They are usually bilateral and progressive. Infants can be asymptomatic, but may also be visually impaired from birth and develop nystagmus and amblyopia. In adulthood, the cataracts may progress, making lens removal necessary. Cerulean cataracts may be caused by mutations in several genes, including the CRYBB2, CRYGD, and MAF genes, and are inherited in an autosomal dominant manner. No treatment is known to prevent cerulean cataracts, but frequent evaluations and cataract surgery are typically required to prevent amblyopia as the opacities progress.Cerulean cataracts are opaque areas that develop in the lens of the eye that often have a bluish or whitish color. They may be present at birth or develop in very early childhood, but may not be diagnosed until adulthood.
Last updated: 4/6/2011
- Marla J. F. O'Neill et al. CATARACT, CONGENITAL, CERULEAN TYPE, 1; CCA1. OMIM. June 21, 2006; http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/omim/115660. Accessed 4/6/2011.
- Cataracts, Congenital Cerulean. University of Arizone. 2010; http://disorders.eyes.arizona.edu/disorders/cataracts-congenital-cerulean. Accessed 4/6/2011.
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- The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) database contains genetics resources that discuss different types of cerulean cataracts. Click on the links below to go to OMIM and review these resources.
CATARACT, CONGENITAL, CERULEAN TYPE, 1; CCA1
CATARACT, CONGENITAL, CERULEAN TYPE, 2; CCA2
CATARACT, CONGENITAL, CERULEAN TYPE, 3; CCA3
CATARACT, PULVERULENT, JUVENILE-ONSET
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