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Familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome


Other Names for this Disease
  • Familial cold urticaria
  • Familial polymorphous cold eruption
  • FCAS
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Overview


Familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome is a type of periodic fever syndrome. Signs and symptoms may include include an itchy or burning rash; fever; and joint pain which are triggered by exposure to cold temperatures. It is inherited in an autosomal dominant manner and can be caused by mutations in the NLRP3 or NLRP12 genes. Management of this condition involves avoiding exposure to cold temperatures and treatment with specific types of medications.[1][2]
Last updated: 10/30/2013

References

  1. Simon A, Van Der Meer S, Drenth J. Familial autoinflammatory syndromes. In: Harris et al.,. Harris: Kelley's Textbook of Rheumatology, 7th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Saunders; 2005;
  2. Familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome. Genetics Home Reference. September 2008; http://ghr.nlm.nih.gov/condition/familial-cold-autoinflammatory-syndrome. Accessed 10/28/2013.
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Basic Information

  • The Cleveland Clinic provides an overview of the different types of periodic fever syndromes.
  • DermNet NZ is an online resource about skin diseases developed by the New Zealand Dermatological Society Incorporated. DermNet NZ provides information about this condition.
  • Genetics Home Reference (GHR) contains information on Familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome. This website is maintained by the National Library of Medicine.

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. Click on the link to view this information. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
  • The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is an catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.  Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.

Selected Full-Text Journal Articles