Your browser does not support javascript:   Search for gard hereSearch for news-and-events here.


Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Print friendly version

Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome type 3

Other Names for this Disease
  • Anterior chamber cleavage syndrome
  • Axenfeld-rieger anomaly with or without cardiac defects and/or sensorineural hearing loss
  • RIEG3
  • Rieger syndrome type 3
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.


Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome refers to a spectrum of developmental eye disorders. Common eye symptoms include cornea defects, iris defects, and glaucoma. About 50% of affected individuals become blind from glaucoma. Other associated developmental defects commonly involve the teeth and facial bones. [1][2][3][4][5]. Click here to view a diagram of the eye.

There are three types of Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome, which are distinguished by their genetic cause. Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome type 1 is caused by mutations in the PITX2 gene and Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome type 3 is caused by mutations in the FOXC1 gene.[5][6] The gene that causes Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome type 2 has not yet been identified, but it is located on chromosome 13.[7] Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome has an autosomal dominant pattern of inheritance.[5][6][7]
Last updated: 4/11/2011


  1. JD Brandt. Congenital glaucoma. In: M Yanoff, JS Duker, JJ Augsburger, DT Azar, GR Diamond, JJ Dutton, D Miller, NA Rao, ES Rosen, AA Sadun, M Sherwood, J Sugar, JL Wiggs. Yanoff: Ophthalmology, 2nd ed.. St. Louis, MO: Mosby, Inc; 2004;
  2. Traboulsi EI. Malformations of the anterior segment of the eye. In: Traboulsi EI, ed. Genetic Diseases of the Eye. New York, NY. Oxford Publishing Press, Inc.; 1998:81-88..
  3. Traboulsi EI. A Compendium of Inherited Disorders and the Eye. New York, NY: Oxford University Press, Inc; 2006: 22-25..
  4. Inci Irak-Dersu. Glaucoma, Secondary Congenital. eMedicine. 2010; Accessed 4/11/2011.
  5. Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome type 1. Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM). Accessed 4/11/2011.
  6. Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome type 3. Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM). . Accessed 4/11/2011.
  7. Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome type 2. Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM). Accessed 4/11/2011.
Your Questions Answered
by the Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center

Please contact us with your questions about Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome type 3. We will answer your question and update these pages with new resources and information.

Basic Information

  • The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.

In Depth Information

  • The Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is an catalog of human genes and genetic disorders. Each entry has a summary of related medical articles. It is meant for health care professionals and researchers. OMIM is maintained by Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. 
  • Orphanet is a European reference portal for information on rare diseases and orphan drugs.  Access to this database is free of charge.
  • PubMed is a searchable database of medical literature and lists journal articles that discuss Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome type 3. Click on the link to view a sample search on this topic.