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Other Names for this Disease
- Hyperkeratosis follicularis et parafollicularis in cutem penetrans
- Kyrle's disease
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Your QuestionI have Kyrle disease and have bumps all over my arms and legs. They are extremely painful and unsightly. What is the direct treatment for this condition? Is there treatment for the pain? What causes the lesions?
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Kyrle disease is most often associated with a systemic disorder, although idiopathic cases without any associated disease have occurred. Therefore, treatment is typically directed toward the underlying condition when appropriate. For individuals in whom itching is a major problem, soothing antipruritic lotions containing menthol and camphor may be helpful. Sedating antihistamines such as hydroxyzine may also be helpful for pruritus, especially at night. Some improvement has been reported with high doses of vitamin A, with or without vitamin E. Topical retinoic acid cream may also improve the symptoms. Another approach to treatment uses oral retinoids, which resulted in alleviation of symptoms in one study. Etretinate in high doses is also reportedly effective, but relapse has been reported following discontinuation of therapy. UV light therapy is reportedly particularly helpful for individuals with widespread lesions or coexisting pruritus from renal or hepatic disease. Carbon dioxide laser or cryosurgery may be helpful for limited lesions, but caution may be recommended for individuals with dark skin, especially with cryosurgery, and for lesions on the lower legs, particularly in patients with diabetes mellitus or poor circulation.
Last updated: 6/16/2011
The cause of Kyrle disease is currently unknown. Some cases appear to be idiopathic (no known triggers), or inherited. What has been found is that Kyrle disease appears to occur more frequently in patients with certain systemic disorders, which include diabetes mellitus; renal disease (chronic renal failure, albuminuria, elevated serum creatinine, abnormal creatinine clearance, polyuria); hepatic abnormalities (alcoholic cirrhosis); and congestive heart failure. It has been thought that metabolic disorders associated with Kyrle disease are somehow responsible for development of abnormal keratinization and connective tissue changes, but the exact mechanism by which this happens is unclear.
Last updated: 6/16/2011
- Daniel J Hogan. Kyrle disease. eMedicine. July 13, 2010; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/1074469-overview. Accessed 6/16/2011.
- Kyrle disease. DermNet NZ. June 15, 2009; http://dermnetnz.org/scaly/kyrle.html. Accessed 6/16/2011.
- Kalla G, Kachhawa, Goyal MA, Mathur RD. Kyrle's disease. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 1995; 61:239-240. http://www.ijdvl.com/article.asp?issn=0378-6323;year=1995;volume=61;issue=4;spage=239;epage=240;aulast=Kalla. Accessed 6/16/2011.