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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Stenotrophomonas maltophilia infection


Other Names for this Disease
  • S. maltophilia
  • S. maltophilia infection
  • Stenotrophomonas maltophilia
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Overview

Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (S. maltophilia) infection is a healthcare-associated bacterial infection caused by S. maltophilia bacteria. These bacteria typically colonize (live in or on) areas of the body without causing infection. However, people who are hospitalized and receiving treatment for other conditions may be susceptible to infection, especially those with severely impaired immune systems. Factors that increase the risk for S. maltophilia infection include admission to an intensive care unit, prolonged hospitalization, HIV infection, cancer, cystic fibrosis, neutropenia, recent surgery, trauma, mechanical ventilation, and previous therapy with broad-spectrum antibiotics (medications that target a wide range of bacteria). S. maltophilia bacteria are resistant to many types of antibiotics; however, most strains can be treated with trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole treatment.[1][2]
Last updated: 3/9/2015

References

  1. Burke A Cunha, MD. Stenotrophomonas Maltophilia. Medscape Reference. December 2014; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/237024-overview.
  2. Sarah S Lewis, MD; Aimee Zaas, MD, MHS. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia. UpToDate. January 2014; Accessed 3/9/2015.
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Other Names for this Disease
  • S. maltophilia
  • S. maltophilia infection
  • Stenotrophomonas maltophilia
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.