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Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

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Human T-cell leukemia virus type 2


Other Names for this Disease
  • HTLV-2
  • Human T lymphotropic virus type 2
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.

Overview

Human T-cell leukemia virus, type 2 (HTLV-2) is a retroviral infection that affect the T cells (a type of white blood cell). Although this virus generally causes no signs or symptoms, scientists suspect that some affected people may later develop neurological problems and/or chronic lung infections. HTLV-2 is spread by blood transfusions, sexual contact and sharing needles. It can also be spread from mother to child during birth or breast-feeding.[1][2] There is no cure or treatment for HTLV-2 and it is considered a lifelong condition; however, most infected people remain asymptomatic (show no symptoms) throughout life.[2]
Last updated: 12/31/2014

References

  1. HTLV Type I and Type II. NORD. May 2012; http://www.rarediseases.org/rare-disease-information/rare-diseases/byID/1203/viewAbstract.
  2. Ewa Maria Szczypinska, MD. Human T-Cell Lymphotropic Viruses. Medscape. August 2014; http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/219285-overview.
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Basic Information

  • The National Organization for Rare Disorders (NORD) is a federation of more than 130 nonprofit voluntary health organizations serving people with rare disorders. Click on the link to view information on this topic.

In Depth Information

  • Medscape Reference provides information on this topic. Click on the link to view this information. You may need to register to view the medical textbook, but registration is free.
Other Names for this Disease
  • HTLV-2
  • Human T lymphotropic virus type 2
See Disclaimer regarding information on this site. Some links on this page may take you to organizations outside of the National Institutes of Health.