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Diseases

Genetic and Rare Diseases Information Center (GARD)

Search for Rare or Genetic Diseases


Rare Cancers

* This symbol indicates that a condition is not rare but is one for which a question has been answered by the GARD Information Center.
Is Rare Condition? Disease Name
* 5q- syndrome
* Abrikosov's tumor
* Acinic cell carcinoma
* Acral lentiginous melanoma
* Acrospiroma
* Acute biphenotypic leukemia
* Acute erythroblastic leukemia
* Acute erythroid leukemia
* Acute lymphoblastic leukemia
* Acute lymphoblastic leukemia congenital sporadic aniridia
* Acute lymphoblastic leukemia, childhood
* Acute megakaryoblastic leukemia
* Acute monoblastic leukemia
* Acute myeloblastic leukemia type 1
* Acute myeloblastic leukemia type 2
* Acute myeloblastic leukemia type 3
* Acute myeloblastic leukemia type 4
* Acute myeloblastic leukemia type 5
* Acute myeloblastic leukemia type 6
* Acute myeloblastic leukemia type 7
* Acute myeloblastic leukemia with maturation
* Acute myeloblastic leukemia without maturation
* Acute myelocytic leukemia
* Acute myeloid leukemia, adult
* Acute myeloid leukemia, childhood
* Acute myelomonocytic leukemia
* Acute non lymphoblastic leukemia
* Acute promyelocytic leukemia
* Adenocarcinoid tumor
* Adenocarcinoma of lung
* Adenocarcinoma of the appendix
* Adenoid cystic carcinoma
* Adenosarcoma of the uterus
* Adrenal cancer
* Adrenal medulla cancer
* Adrenocortical carcinoma
* Aggressive NK cell leukemia
* Aicardi syndrome
* Alveolar soft part sarcoma
* Anal cancer
* Anaplastic astrocytoma
* Anaplastic ependymoma
* Anaplastic ganglioglioma
* Anaplastic large cell lymphoma
* Anaplastic oligoastrocytoma
* Anaplastic oligodendroglioma
* Anaplastic plasmacytoma
* Anaplastic small cell lymphoma
* Angiofollicular lymph hyperplasia
*   Angiosarcoma
* Angiosarcoma of the breast
* Angiosarcoma of the liver
* Angiosarcoma of the scalp
* APUDoma
* Astroblastoma
* Ataxia telangiectasia
* Atrial myxoma, familial
* Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome
* B cell prolymphocytic leukemia
* B-cell lymphomas
* Bannayan-Riley-Ruvalcaba syndrome
* Basal cell carcinoma, infundibulocystic
* Basal cell carcinoma, multiple
* Bazex-Dupre-Christol syndrome
* Becker nevus syndrome
* Bednar's tumor
* Benign metastasizing leiomyoma
* Benign multicystic peritoneal mesothelioma
* Bile duct cancer
* Biliary tract cancer
* Birt-Hogg-Dube syndrome
* Bladder cancer, childhood
* Blastic plasmacytoid dendritic cell
* Blastoma
* Bloom syndrome
* Blue rubber bleb nevus syndrome
* Bone cancer
* Bowen's disease
* Brain stem cancer
* Brain stem glioma, childhood
* Brain tumor, adult
* Brain tumor, childhood
* Breast cancer, childhood
* Breast cancer, male
* Brenner tumor of ovary
* Brenner tumor of the vagina
* Bronchial adenomas/carcinoids childhood
* Burkitt lymphoma
* Buschke Lowenstein tumor
* Capillary hemangioblastoma
* Carcinoid syndrome
* Carcinoid tumor
* Carcinoid tumor childhood
* Carcinoma of the vocal tract
* Carcinoma of unknown primary site, childhood
* Carney triad
* Carotid body tumor
* Cartilaginous cancer
* CDK4 linked melanoma
* Central nervous system lymphoma, primary
* Central neurocytoma
* Cerebellar astrocytoma, childhood
* Cerebellar liponeurocytoma
* Cerebral astrocytoma, childhood
* Cerebral sarcoma
* Cerebral ventricle cancer
* Cerebro-oculo-facio-skeletal syndrome
* Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia
* CHILD syndrome
* Chondrosarcoma
* Chordoid glioma of the third ventricle
* Chordoma
* Choriocarcinoma
* Choroid plexus carcinoma
* Choroid plexus papilloma
* Chromophil renal cell carcinoma
* Chromophobe renal cell carcinoma
* Chronic lymphocytic leukemia
* Chronic myeloid leukemia
* Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia
* Chronic myeloproliferative disorders
* Chronic neutrophilic leukemia
* Classic Kaposi sarcoma
* Clear cell renal cell carcinoma
* CLOVES syndrome
* Cockayne syndrome type I
* Cockayne syndrome type II
* Cockayne syndrome type III
* Collecting duct carcinoma
* Colorectal cancer, childhood
* Costello syndrome
* Cowden syndrome
* Cronkhite-Canada disease
* Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma
* Cystosarcoma phyllodes
* Dendritic cell tumor
* Denys-Drash syndrome
* Dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans
* Desmoid disease, hereditary
* Desmoplastic infantile astrocytoma
* Desmoplastic infantile ganglioglioma
* Desmoplastic small round cell tumor
* Diamond-Blackfan anemia
* Diaphyseal medullary stenosis with malignant fibrous histiocytoma
* Diffuse astrocytoma
* Diffuse cavernous hemangioma of the rectum
* Diffuse gastric cancer
* Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor
* Dyskeratosis congenita
* Dyskeratosis congenita autosomal dominant
* Eccrine mucinous carcinoma
* Embryonal carcinoma
* Embryonal sarcoma
* Embryonal tumor with multilayered rosettes
* Enchondroma
* Endemic Kaposi sarcoma
* Endometrial stromal sarcoma
* Enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma
* Ependymoma
* Epithelial-myoepithelial carcinoma
* Esophageal cancer
* Esophageal cancer, childhood
* Essential thrombocythemia
* Esthesioneuroblastoma
* Ewing's family of tumors
* Ewing's sarcoma
* Extracranial germ cell tumor, childhood
* Extragonadal germ cell tumor
* Fallopian tube cancer
* Familial adenomatous polyposis
*   Familial breast cancer
* Familial colorectal cancer
* Familial cylindromatosis
* Familial platelet disorder with associated myeloid malignancy
* Familial prostate cancer
* Familial renal cell carcinoma
* Familial Wilms tumor 2
* Fanconi anemia
* Fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma
* Fibrosarcoma
* Follicular lymphoma
* Frasier syndrome
* Functioning pancreatic endocrine tumor
* Gall bladder cancer
* Gangliocytoma
* Ganglioglioma
* Gardner syndrome
* Gastric lymphoma
* Gastro-enteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumor
* Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors
* Germinoma
* Giant congenital nevus
* Glassy cell carcinoma of the cervix
* Glioblastoma
* Glioma
* Gliosarcoma
* Glomus jugulare tumors
* Glomus tympanicum tumor
* Glomus vagale tumors
* Glucagonoma
* Glucagonoma syndrome
* Goblet cell carcinoid
* Granulosa cell tumor of the ovary
* Gray zone lymphoma
* Gynandroblastoma
* Hairy cell leukemia
* Heart tumor
* Hemangioblastoma
* Hemangioendothelioma
* Hemangiopericytoma
* Hemi 3 syndrome
* Hepatoblastoma
* Hepatocellular carcinoma, childhood
* Hereditary leiomyomatosis and renal cell cancer
* Hereditary multiple osteochondromas
* Hereditary paraganglioma-pheochromocytoma
* Hidradenocarcinoma
* Hodgkin lymphoma
* Hodgkin lymphoma, childhood
* Hurthle cell thyroid cancer
* Hyperparathyroidism-jaw tumor syndrome
* Hypopharyngeal cancer
* Indolent B cell lymphoma
* Infantile myofibromatosis
* Inflammatory breast cancer
* Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor
* Insulinoma
* Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma
* Intraneural perineurioma
* Intraocular melanoma
* Juvenile hyaline fibromatosis
* Juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia
* Juvenile polyposis syndrome
* Kaposiform Hemangioendothelioma
* Keratosis palmoplantaris adenocarcinoma of the colon
* Kidney cancer
* Kidney cancer, childhood
* Klatskin tumor
* Krukenberg carcinoma
* Langerhans cell sarcoma
* Large B cell diffuse lymphoma
* Large granular lymphocyte leukemia
* Laryngeal cancer
* Laryngeal cancer, childhood
* Ledderhose disease
* Leiomyosarcoma
* Lentigo maligna melanoma
* Leukemia subleukemic
* Leukemia, B-cell, chronic
* Leukemia, Myeloid
* Leukemia, T-cell, chronic
* Lhermitte-Duclos disease
* Li-Fraumeni syndrome
* Linear nevus sebaceous syndrome
* Lip and oral cavity cancer
* Lipoblastoma
* Liposarcoma
* Liver cancer
* Lymph node neoplasm
* Lymphatic neoplasm
* Lymphoblastic lymphoma
* Lymphoma AIDSrelated
* Lymphoma, gastric non Hodgkins type
* Lymphoma, large-cell
* Lymphoma, large-cell, immunoblastic
* Lymphoma, small cleaved-cell, diffuse
* Lymphoma, small cleaved-cell, follicular
* Lymphosarcoma
* Lynch syndrome
* Macrocephaly-capillary malformation
* Maffucci syndrome
* Mahvash disease
* Malignant cylindroma
* Malignant eccrine spiradenoma
* Malignant fibrous histiocytoma
* Malignant germ cell tumor
* Malignant melanoma, childhood
* Malignant mesenchymal tumor
* Malignant mesothelioma
* Malignant mixed Mullerian tumor
* Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor
* Malignant Teratocarcinosarcoma
* Mantle cell lymphoma
* Mediastinal endodermal sinus tumors
* Medulloblastoma
* Medulloblastoma, childhood
* Melanocytic lesions of CNS
* Melanoma astrocytoma syndrome
* Melanoma, familial
* Meningioma
* Merkel cell carcinoma
* Metastatic insulinoma
* Metastatic squamous neck cancer with occult primary
* Microcystic adnexal carcinoma
* Mosaic variegated aneuploidy syndrome
* Mucoepidermoid carcinoma
* Muir-Torre syndrome
* Multicentric Castleman’s Disease
* Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1
* Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A
* Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2B
* Multiple familial trichoepithelioma
* Multiple familial trichoepithelioma 1
* Multiple familial trichoepithelioma 2
* Multiple fibrofolliculoma familial
* Multiple myeloma
* Multiple self healing squamous epithelioma
* Mycosis fungoides
* Myelocytic leukemia-like syndrome, familial, chronic
* Myelofibrosis
* Myeloid sarcoma
* Myoepithelial carcinoma
* Myxoid liposarcoma
* Myxoma-spotty pigmentation-endocrine overactivity
* N syndrome
* Nasal cavity cancer, childhood
* Nasopharyngeal cancer, childhood
* Nasopharyngeal carcinoma
* Nerve sheath neoplasm
* Neural crest tumor
* Neuroblastoma
* Neurocutaneous melanosis
* Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the cervix
* Neuroepithelioma
* Neurofibromatosis type 2
* Neurofibromatosis type 3A
* Neurofibromatosis-Noonan syndrome
* Neurofibrosarcoma
* Nevoid basal cell carcinoma syndrome
* Nevus of Ito
* Nijmegen breakage syndrome
* Nodular melanoma
* Non functioning pancreatic endocrine tumor
* Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, childhood
* Non-Hodgkin lymphoma, during pregnancy
* Non-small cell lung cancer, childhood
* Nonseminomatous germ cell tumor
* Noonan syndrome
* Noonan syndrome 1
* Ocular melanoma
* Oligoastrocytoma
* Oligodendroglioma
* Ollier disease
* Optic pathway glioma
* Oral cancer
* Oral squamous cell carcinoma
* Orbital lymphangioma
* Orbital lymphoma
* Oropharyngeal cancer, adult
* Oropharyngeal cancer, childhood
* Oslam syndrome
* Osteosarcoma
* Ovarian cancer
* Ovarian cancer, childhood
* Ovarian carcinosarcoma
* Ovarian epithelial cancer
* Ovarian germ cell tumor
* Ovarian low malignant potential tumor
* Ovarian small cell carcinoma
* Paget disease of the breast
* Paget disease, extramammary
* Pancreatic cancer
* Pancreatic cancer, childhood
* Pancreatic carcinoma, familial
* Pancreatic islet cell tumors
* Pancreatoblastoma
* Papillary cystadenocarcinoma
* Papillary renal cell carcinoma
* Papillary thyroid carcinoma
* Paraganglioma and gastric stromal sarcoma
* Paranasal sinus cancer, adult
* Paranasal sinus cancer, childhood
* Paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration
* Parathyroid cancer, childhood
* Parathyroid carcinoma
* Pediatric T-cell leukemia
* Penile cancer, adult
* Penile cancer, childhood
* Peripheral T-cell lymphoma
* Peutz Jeghers syndrome
* Pheochromocytoma
* Pheochromocytoma, childhood
* Philadelphia-negative chronic myeloid leukemia
* Phyllodes tumor of the prostate
* Pilocytic astrocytoma
* Pilomatrixoma
* Pineal parenchymal tumors of intermediate differentiation
* Pineoblastoma
* Pineoblastoma, childhood
* Pituitary cancer
* Plasma cell leukemia
* Plasmablastic lymphoma
* Platelet disorder, familial, with associated myeloid malignancy
* Pleomorphic malignant fibrous histiocytoma
* Pleomorphic xanthoastrocytoma
* Pleuropulmonary blastoma
* Plexosarcoma
* POEMS syndrome
* Polycythemia vera
* Polyembryoma
* Polymorphous low-grade adenocarcinoma
* Primary effusion lymphoma
* Primary gastrointestinal melanoma
* Primary malignant lymphoma
* Primary malignant melanoma of the cervix
* Primary malignant melanoma of the conjunctiva
* Primary melanoma of the central nervous system
* Procarcinoma
* Prolerating trichilemmal cyst
* Proteus syndrome
* Pseudomyxoma peritonei
* Radiation induced angiosarcoma of the breast
* Radiation induced cancer
* Radiation induced meningioma
* Rectal cancer, childhood
* Rectal neoplasm
* Rectosigmoid neoplasm
* Renal cancer
* Renal carcinoma, familial
* Renal cell carcinoma 4
* Renal hamartomas nephroblastomatosis and fetal gigantism
* Retinoblastoma
* Retroperitoneal liposarcoma
* Rhabdoid tumor
* Rhabdomyosarcoma alveolar
* Rhabdomyosarcoma embryonal
* Richter syndrome
* Rombo syndrome
* Sacrococcygeal Teratoma
* Salivary gland cancer, adult
* Salivary gland cancer, childhood
* Sarcoma botryoides
* Schwannomatosis
* Secretory breast carcinoma
* Seminoma
* Sertoli-leydig cell tumors
* Severe congenital neutropenia autosomal recessive 3
* Sezary syndrome
* Shwachman-Diamond syndrome
* Sideroblastic anemia pyridoxine-refractory autosomal recessive
* Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome
* Sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma
* Sinus cancer
* Skin cancer, non melanoma, childhood
* Small cell carcinoma of the bladder
* Small cell lung cancer, childhood
* Small cell lung cancer, adult
* Small intestine cancer
* Small intestine cancer, childhood
* Small non-cleaved cell lymphoma
* Soft tissue sarcoma
* Soft tissue sarcoma childhood
* Somatostatinoma
* Sotos syndrome
* Spinal cord neoplasm
* Spleen neoplasm
*   Squamous cell carcinoma
* Squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck
* Stomach cancer, childhood
* Stomach cancer, familial
* Stomach carcinoma
* Subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma
* Subependymal giant cell astrocytoma
* Subependymoma
* Superficial spreading melanoma
* Supraglottic laryngeal cancer
* Supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumor
* Supratentorial primitive neuroectodermal tumors, childhood
* Synovial cancer
* Synovial sarcoma
* T-cell lymphoma 1A
* Teratoma with malignant transformation
* Testicular cancer
* Testicular cancer, childhood
* Thoracolaryngopelvic dysplasia
* Thymic epithelial tumor
* Thymoma, childhood
* Thyroid cancer, anaplastic
* Thyroid cancer, childhood
* Thyroid cancer, follicular
* Thyroid cancer, medullary
* Tongue cancer
* Transitional cell cancer of the renal pelvis and ureter
* Transitional cell carcinoma
* Trichofolliculoma
* Trophoblastic tumor placental site
* Tuberous sclerosis
* Turcot syndrome
* Tylosis with esophageal cancer
* Tyrosinemia type 1
* Urachal adenocarcinoma
* Urachal cancer
* Urethral cancer
* Uterine sarcoma
* Vaginal cancer
* Verrucous nevus acanthokeratolytic
* VIPoma
* Visual pathway and hypothalamic glioma, childhood
* Von Hippel-Lindau disease
* Vulvar cancer
* Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia
* Werner's syndrome
* White sponge nevus of cannon
* Wilms tumor and radial bilateral aplasia
* Wilms' tumor
* Wiskott Aldrich syndrome
* WT limb blood syndrome
* X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome
* X-linked lymphoproliferative syndrome 1
* Yolk sac tumor
* Zollinger-Ellison syndrome
* Zuska's disease