Definition: Hypertension occurs when the force of the blood pumping from the heart against the walls of the arteries is too high. It can occur when the pressure of the blood as the heart is beating or between beats is too high. If left untreated, high blood pressure can cause complications such as a heart attack, stroke, blood vessel damage, blindness, and kidney failure. Treatment options may include medications and maintaining a healthy lifestyle.
Source: Genetic and Rare Diseases (GARD) Information Center
  • High blood pressure
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