Autosomal dominance is a pattern of inheritance characteristic of some genetic diseases. "Autosomal" means that the gene
in question is located on one of the numbered, or non-sex, chromosomes
. "Dominant" means that a single copy of the disease-associated mutation
is enough to cause the disease. This is in contrast to a recessive disorder, where two copies of the mutation are needed to cause the disease. Huntington's disease is a common example of an autosomal dominant genetic disorder.