This table lists symptoms that people with this disease may have. For most diseases, symptoms will vary from person to person. People with the same disease may not have all the symptoms listed. This information comes from a database called the Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) . The HPO collects information on symptoms that have been described in medical resources. The HPO is updated regularly. Use the HPO ID to access more in-depth information about a symptom.
|Medical Terms||Other Names||
|5%-29% of people have these symptoms|
|1%-4% of people have these symptoms|
|Percent of people who have these symptoms is not available through HPO|
|Abnormality of the basal ganglia||0002134|
Mental disorientation[ more ]
Abnormal craniofacial muscle tone
Difficulty articulating speech
Swallowing difficulty[ more ]
Paralysis or weakness of muscles within or surrounding outer part of eye
Inability to coordinate movements when walking
|Inability to walk||0002540|
Signs and symptoms begin before 15 years of age
|Morphological abnormality of the pyramidal tract||0002062|
Low muscle tone in trunk
Inability to speak
Muteness[ more ]
Involuntary, rapid, rhythmic eye movements
Partial paralysis of legs
Drooping upper eyelid
Making a diagnosis for a genetic or rare disease can often be challenging. Healthcare professionals typically look at a person’s medical history, symptoms, physical exam, and laboratory test results in order to make a diagnosis. The following resources provide information relating to diagnosis and testing for this condition. If you have questions about getting a diagnosis, you should contact a healthcare professional.
If you need medical advice, you can look for doctors or other healthcare professionals who have experience with this disease. You may find these specialists through advocacy organizations, clinical trials, or articles published in medical journals. You may also want to contact a university or tertiary medical center in your area, because these centers tend to see more complex cases and have the latest technology and treatments.
If you can’t find a specialist in your local area, try contacting national or international specialists. They may be able to refer you to someone they know through conferences or research efforts. Some specialists may be willing to consult with you or your local doctors over the phone or by email if you can't travel to them for care.
You can find more tips in our guide, How to Find a Disease Specialist. We also encourage you to explore the rest of this page to find resources that can help you find specialists.
Support and advocacy groups can help you connect with other patients and families, and they can provide valuable services. Many develop patient-centered information and are the driving force behind research for better treatments and possible cures. They can direct you to research, resources, and services. Many organizations also have experts who serve as medical advisors or provide lists of doctors/clinics. Visit the group’s website or contact them to learn about the services they offer. Inclusion on this list is not an endorsement by GARD.
These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.
Questions sent to GARD may be posted here if the information could be helpful to others. We remove all identifying information when posting a question to protect your privacy. If you do not want your question posted, please let us know. Submit a new question
I have a two and a half year old daughter diagnosed with biotin thiamine responsive basal ganglia disease one week before she was born. Her older sister had the disease but she died from a viral infection before she was diagnosed. My younger daughter is responding to the treatment of high dosage of biotin and thiamine, and she looks great. Is there any risk that she will not respond to this treatment one day in the future? Is there a possibility she will develop symptoms as seizures and weakness in her muscles as she grows or not necessarily? See answer