Dravet syndrome is a severe form of epilepsy that is part of a group of diseases known as SCN1A-related seizure disorders. The condition appears during the first year of life as frequent fever-related (febrile) seizures. As the condition progresses, other types of seizures typically occur, including myoclonus and status epilepticus. A family history of either epilepsy or febrile seizures exists in 15 percent to 25 percent of cases. Intellectual development begins to deteriorate around age 2, and affected individuals often have a lack of coordination, poor development of language, hyperactivity, and difficulty relating to others. Around 85% of Dravet syndrome cases are due to a mutation in the SCN1A gene, which is required for the proper function of brain cells. In about 10% of cases the cause is unknown but other genes are likely the cause. The main goal of treatment is to reduce seizures frequency and prevent status epilepticus.Moderate to severe cognitive impairment and intractable epilepsy into adulthood is common.
Last updated: 12/29/2016
What is the life expectancy for a child with Dravet syndrome?
Little information is available on the long-term prognosis and life expectancy for children with Dravet syndrome. The degree of intellectual impairment appears to correlate with the frequency of seizures. The decline in cognitive function tends to stabilize after age 4. An individual with Dravet syndrome has an 85 percent chance of surviving into adulthood.
Last updated: 12/21/2009
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