The Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) provides the following list of features that have been reported in people with this condition. Much of the information in the HPO comes from Orphanet, a European rare disease database. If available, the list includes a rough estimate of how common a feature is (its frequency). Frequencies are based on a specific study and may not be representative of all studies. You can use the MedlinePlus Medical Dictionary for definitions of the terms below.
|Signs and Symptoms||Approximate number of patients (when available)|
|Deeply set eye||50%|
|Abnormal form of the vertebral bodies||7.5%|
|Abnormal localization of kidney||7.5%|
|Abnormality of the pupil||7.5%|
|Aplasia/Hypoplasia of the iris||7.5%|
|Aplasia/Hypoplasia of the radius||7.5%|
|Aplasia/Hypoplasia of the thumb||7.5%|
|External ear malformation||7.5%|
|Wide nasal bridge||7.5%|
|Autosomal dominant inheritance||-|
|Impaired ocular abduction||-|
|Impaired ocular adduction||-|
|Palpebral fissure narrowing on adduction||-|
Research helps us better understand diseases and can lead to advances in diagnosis and treatment. This section provides resources to help you learn about medical research and ways to get involved.
Nonprofit support and advocacy groups bring together patients, families, medical professionals, and researchers. These groups often raise awareness, provide support, and develop patient-centered information. Many are the driving force behind research for better treatments and possible cures. They can direct people to research, resources, and services. Many groups also have experts who serve as medical advisors. Visit their website or contact them to learn about the services they offer. Inclusion on this list is not an endorsement by GARD. Suggest an organization to add.
Living with a genetic or rare disease can impact the daily lives of patients and families. These resources can help families navigate various aspects of living with a rare disease.
These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.
Questions sent to GARD may be posted here if the information could be helpful to others. We remove all identifying information when posting a question to protect your privacy. If you do not want your question posted, please let us know. Submit a new question
I am a 32 year old female with Duane syndrome type 1. My left eye does not turn towards my ear. I have been to an eye doctor once as an adult. Is there any possible surgery that would correct or treat this? I find it very embarrassing and I avoid looking left which is very difficult in everyday life. See answer