This table lists symptoms that people with this disease may have. For most diseases, symptoms will vary from person to person. People with the same disease may not have all the symptoms listed. This information comes from a database called the Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) . The HPO collects information on symptoms that have been described in medical resources. The HPO is updated regularly. Use the HPO ID to access more in-depth information about a symptom.
|Medical Terms||Other Names||
|30%-79% of people have these symptoms|
Underactive thyroid gland from birth
Decreased muscle tone in infant
|Neonatal respiratory distress||
Infantile respiratory distress
Newborn respiratory distress
Respiratory distress, neonatal[ more ]
Difficulty breathing[ more ]
|5%-29% of people have these symptoms|
|Abnormal cardiac septum morphology||0001671|
Difficulty articulating speech
|Failure to thrive||
Weight faltering[ more ]
Mental retardation, borderline-mild
Mild and nonprogressive mental retardation
Mild mental retardation[ more ]
Increased blood pressure in blood vessels of lungs
|Sensorineural hearing impairment||0000407|
Difficulty sleeping[ more ]
|Ventricular septal defect||
Hole in heart wall separating two lower heart chambers
|1%-4% of people have these symptoms|
|Abnormal drinking behavior||0030082|
|Abnormal eating behavior||0100738|
|Abnormal facial shape||
Unusual facial appearance
|Abnormality of the sella turcica||0002679|
|Cavum septum pellucidum||0002389|
More active than typical
Failure of development of between one and six teeth
Decreased parathyroid hormone secretion
Abnormally small skull
Decreased circumference of cranium
Decreased size of skull
Reduced head circumference
Small head circumference[ more ]
Obsessive compulsive behavior
|Patent foramen ovale||0001655|
|Short attention span||
Poor attention span
Problem paying attention[ more ]
Decreased body height
Small stature[ more ]
|Percent of people who have these symptoms is not available through HPO|
|Atrial septal defect||
An opening in the wall separating the top two chambers of the heart
Hole in heart wall separating two upper heart chambers[ more ]
Symptoms present at birth
Difficulty in walking
Decreased muscle tone
Low muscle tone[ more ]
Low or weak muscle tone
|Recurrent respiratory infections||
Frequent respiratory infections
Multiple respiratory infections
respiratory infections, recurrent
Susceptibility to respiratory infections[ more ]
Making a diagnosis for a genetic or rare disease can often be challenging. Healthcare professionals typically look at a person’s medical history, symptoms, physical exam, and laboratory test results in order to make a diagnosis. The following resources provide information relating to diagnosis and testing for this condition. If you have questions about getting a diagnosis, you should contact a healthcare professional.
If you need medical advice, you can look for doctors or other healthcare professionals who have experience with this disease. You may find these specialists through advocacy organizations, clinical trials, or articles published in medical journals. You may also want to contact a university or tertiary medical center in your area, because these centers tend to see more complex cases and have the latest technology and treatments.
If you can’t find a specialist in your local area, try contacting national or international specialists. They may be able to refer you to someone they know through conferences or research efforts. Some specialists may be willing to consult with you or your local doctors over the phone or by email if you can't travel to them for care.
You can find more tips in our guide, How to Find a Disease Specialist. We also encourage you to explore the rest of this page to find resources that can help you find specialists.
Related diseases are conditions that have similar signs and symptoms. A health care provider may consider these conditions in the table below when making a diagnosis. Please note that the table may not include all the possible conditions related to this disease.
Conditions with similar signs and symptoms from Orphanet
Differential diagnoses include other forms of congenital hypothyroidism, other causes of infant respiratory distress syndrome, genetic forms of surfactant protein deficiency, and other causes of chorea.
Visit the Orphanet disease page for more information.
Support and advocacy groups can help you connect with other patients and families, and they can provide valuable services. Many develop patient-centered information and are the driving force behind research for better treatments and possible cures. They can direct you to research, resources, and services. Many organizations also have experts who serve as medical advisors or provide lists of doctors/clinics. Visit the group’s website or contact them to learn about the services they offer. Inclusion on this list is not an endorsement by GARD.
These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.
Questions sent to GARD may be posted here if the information could be helpful to others. We remove all identifying information when posting a question to protect your privacy. If you do not want your question posted, please let us know.