Disease at a Glance

A rare hematologic disease characterized by clinical and morphological findings indistinguishable from those of acute myeloid leukemia, typically occurring in newborns with Down syndrome. Peripheral blood and bone marrow blasts display features suggestive of megakaryoblasts. In addition to trisomy 21, acquired GATA1 mutations are present in blast cells. Patients may be asymptomatic or present with thrombocytopenia, less commonly other cytopenias, leukocytosis, hepatosplenomegaly, jaundice, ascites, respiratory distress, bleeding, and pericardial or pleural effusions. Most patients undergo spontaneous remission within the first three months of life, although some may develop life-threatening hepatic, renal, or cardiac complications.
Estimated Number of People with this Disease

This section is currently in development.

What Information Does GARD Have For This Disease?

Many rare diseases have limited information. Currently GARD is able to provide the following information for this disease:

*Data may be currently unavailable to GARD at this time.
When do symptoms of this disease begin?
The most common ages for symptoms of a disease to begin is called age of onset. Age of onset can vary for different diseases and may be used by a doctor to determine the diagnosis. For some diseases, symptoms may begin in a single age range or several age ranges. For other diseases, symptoms may begin any time during a person's life.
Prenatal Selected
Before Birth
Newborn Selected
Birth-4 weeks
1-23 months
2-11 years
12-18 years
19-65 years
Older Adult
65+ years
The common ages for symptoms to begin in this disease are shown above by the colored icon(s).


This section is currently in development. We recommend speaking with a doctor to learn more about this disease. 


This section is currently in development. 

Last Updated: Nov. 8, 2021