This table lists symptoms that people with this disease may have. For most diseases, symptoms will vary from person to person. People with the same disease may not have all the symptoms listed. This information comes from a database called the Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) . The HPO collects information on symptoms that have been described in medical resources. The HPO is updated regularly. Use the HPO ID to access more in-depth information about a symptom.
|Medical Terms||Other Names||
|80%-99% of people have these symptoms|
High blood sugar
|Intrauterine growth retardation||
Prenatal growth deficiency
Prenatal growth retardation[ more ]
|Small for gestational age||
Birth weight less than 10th percentile
Low birth weight[ more ]
|30%-79% of people have these symptoms|
Abnormally large tongue
Increased size of tongue
Large tongue[ more ]
|Maturity-onset diabetes of the young||0004904|
|5%-29% of people have these symptoms|
|Abnormal heart morphology||
Abnormality of the heart
Abnormally shaped heart
Heart defect[ more ]
|Abnormality of limbs||
|Abnormality of the kidney||
|Failure to thrive||
Weight faltering[ more ]
Hearing defect[ more ]
Low or weak muscle tone
|1%-4% of people have these symptoms|
|Type II diabetes mellitus||
Type 2 diabetes
Type II diabetes[ more ]
|Percent of people who have these symptoms is not available through HPO|
|Elevated hemoglobin A1c||0040217|
|Severe failure to thrive||
Severe faltering weight
Severe weight faltering[ more ]
If you need medical advice, you can look for doctors or other healthcare professionals who have experience with this disease. You may find these specialists through advocacy organizations, clinical trials, or articles published in medical journals. You may also want to contact a university or tertiary medical center in your area, because these centers tend to see more complex cases and have the latest technology and treatments.
If you can’t find a specialist in your local area, try contacting national or international specialists. They may be able to refer you to someone they know through conferences or research efforts. Some specialists may be willing to consult with you or your local doctors over the phone or by email if you can't travel to them for care.
You can find more tips in our guide, How to Find a Disease Specialist. We also encourage you to explore the rest of this page to find resources that can help you find specialists.
Related diseases are conditions that have similar signs and symptoms. A health care provider may consider these conditions in the table below when making a diagnosis. Please note that the table may not include all the possible conditions related to this disease.
Conditions with similar signs and symptoms from Orphanet
Differential diagnoses include permanent NDM, DEND syndrome (epilepsy, hypotonia, and developmental delay in addition to diabetes mellitus), intermediate DEND, and Wolcott-Rallison syndrome (see these terms) as well as all other syndromic forms of neonatal diabetes mellitus.
Visit the Orphanet disease page for more information.
Research helps us better understand diseases and can lead to advances in diagnosis and treatment. This section provides resources to help you learn about medical research and ways to get involved.
Support and advocacy groups can help you connect with other patients and families, and they can provide valuable services. Many develop patient-centered information and are the driving force behind research for better treatments and possible cures. They can direct you to research, resources, and services. Many organizations also have experts who serve as medical advisors or provide lists of doctors/clinics. Visit the group’s website or contact them to learn about the services they offer. Inclusion on this list is not an endorsement by GARD.
These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.
Questions sent to GARD may be posted here if the information could be helpful to others. We remove all identifying information when posting a question to protect your privacy. If you do not want your question posted, please let us know. Submit a new question
My son was diagnosed with neonatal diabetes mellitus. He is 15 days old and we are not sure if this is permanent or transient. I want to know what the lifespan is of babies with this illness. Also how can we find out if this diabetes is transient or permanent? See answer