The Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) provides the following list of features that have been reported in people with this condition. Much of the information in the HPO comes from Orphanet, a European rare disease database. If available, the list includes a rough estimate of how common a feature is (its frequency). Frequencies are based on a specific study and may not be representative of all studies. You can use the MedlinePlus Medical Dictionary for definitions of the terms below.
|Signs and Symptoms||Approximate number of patients (when available)|
|Abnormality of dental enamel||90%|
|Delayed eruption of teeth||90%|
|Rough bone trabeculation||90%|
|Ventricular septal defect||90%|
|Abnormal metaphyseal trabeculation||-|
|Absent frontal sinuses||-|
|Absent paranasal sinuses||-|
|Autosomal recessive inheritance||-|
|Broad femoral neck||-|
|Delayed closure of the anterior fontanelle||-|
|Disproportionate short stature||-|
|Hypoplastic vertebral bodies||-|
|Increased intervertebral space||-|
|Increased susceptibility to fractures||-|
|Irregular vertebral endplates||-|
|Narrow iliac wings||-|
|Obstructive sleep apnea||-|
|Premature loss of teeth||-|
|Progressive bowing of long bones||-|
|Sclerosis of hand bone||-|
|Sclerosis of skull base||-|
Research helps us better understand diseases and can lead to advances in diagnosis and treatment. This section provides resources to help you learn about medical research and ways to get involved.
Living with a genetic or rare disease can impact the daily lives of patients and families. These resources can help families navigate various aspects of living with a rare disease.
These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.