This table lists symptoms that people with this disease may have. For most diseases, symptoms will vary from person to person. People with the same disease may not have all the symptoms listed. This information comes from a database called the Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) . The HPO collects information on symptoms that have been described in medical resources. The HPO is updated regularly. Use the HPO ID to access more in-depth information about a symptom.
|Medical Terms||Other Names||
|80%-99% of people have these symptoms|
|Abnormal cardiomyocyte morphology||0031331|
|Abnormal muscle glycogen content||0012269|
|Abnormal neuron branching||0500032|
|Generalized abnormality of skin||
Generalised abnormality of skin
|30%-79% of people have these symptoms|
Stretched and thinned heart muscle
|Elevated hepatic transaminase||
High liver enzymes
|Failure to thrive||
Weight faltering[ more ]
Decreased muscle tone
Low muscle tone[ more ]
Low blood albumin
Muscle tissue disease
|5%-29% of people have these symptoms|
Accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
Scar tissue replaces healthy tissue in the liver
|Congestive heart failure||
Heart failure[ more ]
Enlarged vein in esophagus
|Fetal akinesia sequence||0001989|
Flexed joint that cannot be straightened
Enlarged liver and spleen
|Nonimmune hydrops fetalis||0001790|
High levels of amniotic fluid
|Prolonged partial thromboplastin time||0003645|
|Prolonged prothrombin time||0008151|
Difficulty breathing[ more ]
|Severe muscular hypotonia||
Severely decreased muscle tone
|Skeletal muscle atrophy||
Muscle wasting[ more ]
|Percent of people who have these symptoms is not available through HPO|
|Arthrogryposis multiplex congenita||0002804|
Disease of the heart muscle
|Decreased fetal movement||
Less than 10 fetal movements in 12 hours
Water retention[ more ]
Low or weak muscle tone
|Reduced tendon reflexes||0001315|
Making a diagnosis for a genetic or rare disease can often be challenging. Healthcare professionals typically look at a person’s medical history, symptoms, physical exam, and laboratory test results in order to make a diagnosis. The following resources provide information relating to diagnosis and testing for this condition. If you have questions about getting a diagnosis, you should contact a healthcare professional.
If you need medical advice, you can look for doctors or other healthcare professionals who have experience with this disease. You may find these specialists through advocacy organizations, clinical trials, or articles published in medical journals. You may also want to contact a university or tertiary medical center in your area, because these centers tend to see more complex cases and have the latest technology and treatments.
If you can’t find a specialist in your local area, try contacting national or international specialists. They may be able to refer you to someone they know through conferences or research efforts. Some specialists may be willing to consult with you or your local doctors over the phone or by email if you can't travel to them for care.
You can find more tips in our guide, How to Find a Disease Specialist. We also encourage you to explore the rest of this page to find resources that can help you find specialists.
Related diseases are conditions that have similar signs and symptoms. A health care provider may consider these conditions in the table below when making a diagnosis. Please note that the table may not include all the possible conditions related to this disease.
Conditions with similar signs and symptoms from Orphanet
Differential diagnoses include galactosemia, hydrops fetalis, and tyrosinemia (see these terms).APBD can also present with or without GBE deficiency indicating that different biochemical defects could result in an identical phenotype.
Visit the Orphanet disease page for more information.
Research helps us better understand diseases and can lead to advances in diagnosis and treatment. This section provides resources to help you learn about medical research and ways to get involved.
Support and advocacy groups can help you connect with other patients and families, and they can provide valuable services. Many develop patient-centered information and are the driving force behind research for better treatments and possible cures. They can direct you to research, resources, and services. Many organizations also have experts who serve as medical advisors or provide lists of doctors/clinics. Visit the group’s website or contact them to learn about the services they offer. Inclusion on this list is not an endorsement by GARD.
These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.
Questions sent to GARD may be posted here if the information could be helpful to others. We remove all identifying information when posting a question to protect your privacy. If you do not want your question posted, please let us know. Submit a new question
I was wondering if there is any way for parents that have had a baby with glycogen storage disease type 4 (GSD4) to have a child without this condition. For example, is amniocentesis available or can this be done through in vitro fertilization (IVF)? See answer