Afibrinogenemia, sometimes called congenital afibrinogenemia, is an inherited blood disorder in which the blood does not clot normally. It occurs when there is a lack (deficiency) of a protein called fibrinogen (or coagulation factor I), which is needed for the blood to clot. Affected individuals may be susceptible to severe bleeding (hemorrhaging) episodes, particularly during infancy and childhood. Afibrinogenemia is thought to be transmitted as an autosomal recessive trait. Treatment may include cryoprecipitate (a blood product containing concentrated fibrinogen and other clotting factors), fibrinogen (RiaSTAP) or plasma (the liquid portion of the blood which contains clotting factors).
In afibrinogenemia, with fibrinogen levels less than 0.1 g/L, bleeding abnormalities range from mild to severe. Bleeding from the umbilical cord just after birth frequently provides an early alert to the abnormality. Other symptoms include the following:
The Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) provides the following list of features that have been reported in people with this condition. Much of the information in the HPO comes from Orphanet, a European rare disease database. If available, the list includes a rough estimate of how common a feature is (its frequency). Frequencies are based on a specific study and may not be representative of all studies. You can use the MedlinePlus Medical Dictionary for definitions of the terms below.
|Signs and Symptoms||Approximate number of patients (when available)|
|Abnormality of the menstrual cycle||90%|
|Autosomal recessive inheritance||-|
Making a diagnosis for a genetic or rare disease can often be challenging. Healthcare professionals typically look at a person’s medical history, symptoms, physical exam, and laboratory test results in order to make a diagnosis. The following resources provide information relating to diagnosis and testing for this condition. If you have questions about getting a diagnosis, you should contact a healthcare professional.
Prophylactic therapy should also be considered for patients with recurrent bleeding episodes, CNS hemorrhage, or during pregnancy for women with recurrent miscarriage.
Individuals with afibrinogenemia should consider the following as part of their management plan:
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These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.
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How rare is this condition, How many cases are in the USA? See answer
I would like to know more about this medical condition. For instance, if I have this condition, can I pass it along to my children? What are the chances of this happening? Can this condition be cured? If not, can it at least be treated? What is the average lifespan of a person with afibrinogenemia? Do women with this condition have complications during pregnancy? Is it safe for them to bear children? See answer