The Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) provides the following list of features that have been reported in people with this condition. Much of the information in the HPO comes from Orphanet, a European rare disease database. If available, the list includes a rough estimate of how common a feature is (its frequency). Frequencies are based on a specific study and may not be representative of all studies. You can use the MedlinePlus Medical Dictionary for definitions of the terms below.
|Signs and Symptoms||Approximate number of patients (when available)|
|Abnormality of neuronal migration||90%|
|Abnormality of retinal pigmentation||90%|
|Aplasia/Hypoplasia of the corpus callosum||90%|
|Abnormality of the pinna||50%|
|Abnormality of the ribs||50%|
|Aplasia/Hypoplasia affecting the eye||50%|
|Aplasia/Hypoplasia of the cerebellum||50%|
|Sparse lateral eyebrow||50%|
|Vertebral segmentation defect||50%|
|Abnormality of skin pigmentation||7.5%|
|Abnormality of the genital system||7.5%|
|Abnormality of the hip bone||7.5%|
|Optic nerve coloboma||7.5%|
|Cavum septum pellucidum||-|
|Choroid plexus cyst||-|
|Cleft upper lip||-|
|Delayed CNS myelination||-|
|Dilated third ventricle||-|
|Dilation of lateral ventricles||-|
|Intellectual disability, profound||-|
|Partial agenesis of the corpus callosum||-|
|Postnatal growth retardation||-|
|Prominence of the premaxilla||-|
|Proximal placement of thumb||-|
|X-linked dominant inheritance||-|
The resources below provide information about treatment options for this condition. If you have questions about which treatment is right for you, talk to your healthcare professional.
Research helps us better understand diseases and can lead to advances in diagnosis and treatment. This section provides resources to help you learn about medical research and ways to get involved.
Nonprofit support and advocacy groups bring together patients, families, medical professionals, and researchers. These groups often raise awareness, provide support, and develop patient-centered information. Many are the driving force behind research for better treatments and possible cures. They can direct people to research, resources, and services. Many groups also have experts who serve as medical advisors. Visit their website or contact them to learn about the services they offer. Inclusion on this list is not an endorsement by GARD. Suggest an organization to add.
Living with a genetic or rare disease can impact the daily lives of patients and families. These resources can help families navigate various aspects of living with a rare disease.
These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.