The Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) provides the following list of features that have been reported in people with this condition. Much of the information in the HPO comes from Orphanet, a European rare disease database. If available, the list includes a rough estimate of how common a feature is (its frequency). Frequencies are based on a specific study and may not be representative of all studies. You can use the MedlinePlus Medical Dictionary for definitions of the terms below.
|Signs and Symptoms||Approximate number of patients (when available)|
|Clinodactyly of the 5th finger||90%|
|Depressed nasal bridge||90%|
|Hypoplasia of the ear cartilage||90%|
|Low-set, posteriorly rotated ears||90%|
|Upslanted palpebral fissure||90%|
|Abnormality of immune system physiology||50%|
|Limitation of joint mobility||50%|
|Single transverse palmar crease||50%|
|Thin vermilion border||50%|
|Abnormal localization of kidney||7.5%|
|Aplasia/Hypoplasia of the abdominal wall musculature||7.5%|
|Aplasia/Hypoplasia of the corpus callosum||7.5%|
|Congenital diaphragmatic hernia||7.5%|
|Multicystic kidney dysplasia||7.5%|
|Accessory oral frenulum||-|
|Autosomal recessive inheritance||-|
|Delayed skeletal maturation||-|
|Dislocated radial head||-|
|Failure to thrive||-|
|Fused sternal ossification centers||-|
|Patent ductus arteriosus||-|
|Postaxial foot polydactyly||-|
|Postaxial hand polydactyly||-|
|Posteriorly rotated ears||-|
|Radial deviation of finger||-|
|Renal cortical cysts||-|
|Thick anterior alveolar ridges||-|
|Ulnar deviation of finger||-|
|Ventricular septal defect||-|
|Wide nasal bridge||-|
Making a diagnosis for a genetic or rare disease can often be challenging. Healthcare professionals typically look at a person’s medical history, symptoms, physical exam, and laboratory test results in order to make a diagnosis. The following resources provide information relating to diagnosis and testing for this condition. If you have questions about getting a diagnosis, you should contact a healthcare professional.
Research helps us better understand diseases and can lead to advances in diagnosis and treatment. This section provides resources to help you learn about medical research and ways to get involved.
Living with a genetic or rare disease can impact the daily lives of patients and families. These resources can help families navigate various aspects of living with a rare disease.
These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.