Identifying the exact type can be hard because there are many subtypes of EB. Within each type or subtype, a person may be mildly or severely affected. The disease can range from being a minor inconvenience to completely disabling, and fatal in some cases. Most types of EB are inherited. The inheritance pattern may be autosomal dominant or autosomal recessive. Management involves protecting the skin, reducing friction against the skin, and keeping the skin cool.
The chance of contracting a skin infection can be reduced by good nutrition, which builds the body’s defenses and promotes healing, and by careful skin care with clean hands and use of sterile materials. For added protection, a doctor may recommend antibiotic ointments and soaks.
However, even in the presence of good care, it is possible for infection to develop. Signs of infection are redness and heat around an open area of skin, pus or a yellow drainage, excessive crusting on the wound surface, a red line or streak under the skin that spreads away from the blistered area, a wound that does not heal, and/or fever or chills. A doctor may prescribe a specific soaking solution, an antibiotic ointment, or an oral antibiotic to reduce the growth of bacteria. Wounds that are not healing may be treated by a special wound covering or biologically developed skin.
Research helps us better understand diseases and can lead to advances in diagnosis and treatment. This section provides resources to help you learn about medical research and ways to get involved.
Nonprofit support and advocacy groups bring together patients, families, medical professionals, and researchers. These groups often raise awareness, provide support, and develop patient-centered information. Many are the driving force behind research for better treatments and possible cures. They can direct people to research, resources, and services. Many groups also have experts who serve as medical advisors. Visit their website or contact them to learn about the services they offer. Inclusion on this list is not an endorsement by GARD.
Living with a genetic or rare disease can impact the daily lives of patients and families. These resources can help families navigate various aspects of living with a rare disease.
These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.
New Rare Disease Patient Video Series
July 18, 2016
2013 Epithelial Differentiation and Keratinization GRC/GRS
Saturday, May 11, 2013 -
Sunday, May 12, 2013
Location: Renaissance Tuscany Il Ciocco Resort, Lucca (Barga), Italy
Description: Novel findings in rare disease gene identification, together with studies on disease mechanisms in human patients and in mouse models, will suggest novel therapeutic approaches and form the basis for new prenatal tests. Investigators including Drs. Tolar and Oro will report on the results of bone marrow stem cell therapies and small molecule therapeutics in human patients with rare skin diseases; successful outcomes of these clinical trials will spur expansion of the use of these approaches in patients. Gene correction in patient derived iPS is an exciting potential therapeutic approach to both recessive and dominant genetic skin diseases. Drs. Roop and Christiano will provide updates on derivation and characterization of iPS from patients, and will discuss approaches to gene correction and differentiation of iPS into skin cell lineages for potential use in grafting procedures
Contact: Carl C. Baker, M.D., Ph.D., NIAMS(301) firstname.lastname@example.org
Co-funding Institute(s): National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases, Office of Rare Diseases Research
The following diseases are related to Epidermolysis bullosa. If you have a question about any of these diseases, you can contact GARD.
Questions sent to GARD may be posted here if the information could be helpful to others. We remove all identifying information when posting a question to protect your privacy. If you do not want your question posted, please let us know. Submit a new question
I have a son with epidermolysis bullosa and I would like to know if there are any dietary recommendations. See answer
I have a "mild" form of EB. Diagnosed at 8 years old. Peeling and blistering of fingers/feet. If I pass this gene on to my child will they also have a mild form or will it be a severe form of EB? Neither one of my parents have this disease, nor do my siblings. See answer
My mother has had epidermolysis bullosa for many years. She recently underwent total knee replacement surgery and another surgery to flush out a staph infection and has had wound healing problems, including pus, redness and fever. We are concerned about complications from infection and wanted to know if there is any research related to wound healing in patients with epidermolysis bullosa. Where can we read more information about treatment? How can we find a physician who is knowledgeable about this condition? See answer