This table lists symptoms that people with this disease may have. For most diseases, symptoms will vary from person to person. People with the same disease may not have all the symptoms listed. This information comes from a database called the Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) . The HPO collects information on symptoms that have been described in medical resources. The HPO is updated regularly. Use the HPO ID to access more in-depth information about a symptom.
|Medical Terms||Other Names||
|80%-99% of people have these symptoms|
Pain in stomach
Stomach pain[ more ]
Muscle pain[ more ]
|Nausea and vomiting||0002017|
|30%-79% of people have these symptoms|
Oral white patch
High urine protein levels
Protein in urine[ more ]
|5%-29% of people have these symptoms|
|Acute hepatic failure||
Acute liver failure
Abnormal heart rate
Heart rhythm disorders
Irregular heart beat
Irregular heartbeat[ more ]
Accumulation of fluid in the abdomen
|Edema of the lower limbs||
Fluid accumulation in lower limbs
Intestinal blockage[ more ]
Swollen lymph nodes
Inflammation of testicles
Degenerative joint disease
Increased spleen size
|Percent of people who have these symptoms is not available through HPO|
Increased body temperature, episodic
Intermittent fever[ more ]
Elevated white blood count
High white blood count
Increased blood leukocyte number[ more ]
Renal failure in adulthood[ more ]
As many as 1 in 5 people of Sephardic Jewish, Armenian, Arab and Turkish heritage is a carrier of FMF.
In rare cases, FMF appears to be inherited in an
In some cases, FMF may appear to be autosomal dominant when it is actually autosomal recessive. This phenomenon is called pseudodominance.
Depending on disease severity or the presence of specific
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If you need medical advice, you can look for doctors or other healthcare professionals who have experience with this disease. You may find these specialists through advocacy organizations, clinical trials, or articles published in medical journals. You may also want to contact a university or tertiary medical center in your area, because these centers tend to see more complex cases and have the latest technology and treatments.
If you can’t find a specialist in your local area, try contacting national or international specialists. They may be able to refer you to someone they know through conferences or research efforts. Some specialists may be willing to consult with you or your local doctors over the phone or by email if you can't travel to them for care.
You can find more tips in our guide, How to Find a Disease Specialist. We also encourage you to explore the rest of this page to find resources that can help you find specialists.
Related diseases are conditions that have similar signs and symptoms. A health care provider may consider these conditions in the table below when making a diagnosis. Please note that the table may not include all the possible conditions related to this disease.
Conditions with similar signs and symptoms from Orphanet
Differential diagnoses include hyperimmunoglobulinemia D and periodic fever syndrome (HIDS), TNF receptor-associated periodic syndrome and periodic fever (TRAPS), Marshall's syndrome with periodic fever, transthyretin-related amyloidosis and Behçet's disease (see these terms).
Visit the Orphanet disease page for more information.
Research helps us better understand diseases and can lead to advances in diagnosis and treatment. This section provides resources to help you learn about medical research and ways to get involved.
Support and advocacy groups can help you connect with other patients and families, and they can provide valuable services. Many develop patient-centered information and are the driving force behind research for better treatments and possible cures. They can direct you to research, resources, and services. Many organizations also have experts who serve as medical advisors or provide lists of doctors/clinics. Visit the group’s website or contact them to learn about the services they offer. Inclusion on this list is not an endorsement by GARD.
These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.
Questions sent to GARD may be posted here if the information could be helpful to others. We remove all identifying information when posting a question to protect your privacy. If you do not want your question posted, please let us know. Submit a new question
I was diagnosed with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) as a child. I have been taking daily doses of colchicine which have helped in reducing or practically eliminating the abdominal and chest attacks. One aspect of the FMF that has not been helped is the swelling of feet resulting from sitting for several hours during long flights or when walking long distances. The swelling of the feet is also usually associated with severe cramps of the calf muscles. Is this common and are there any treatments which help these symptoms? See answer
How is amyloidosis diagnosed in those with familial Mediterranean fever? How is the effectiveness of colchicine monitored? See answer
My son has been found to carry a single familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) gene mutation. Could he still have FMF? See answer
Are there any precipitating factors for Familial Mediterranean Fever attacks? See answer
I have a patient who may have Williams syndrome. His mother was previously diagnosed with familial Mediterrranean fever, but she has facial features consistent with Williams syndrome. Do Williams syndrome and familial Mediterranean fever share any signs or symptoms? See answer
We recently lost a colleague to Familial Mediterranean Fever. Are his siblings at risk to have inherited this condition? Is genetic testing available to individuals at risk? See answer
What is familial Mediterranean fever (FMF)? Is there any connection between fibromyalgia and FMF? Has any link been established between a family history of arthritis and FMF? See answer
I have had symptoms of Familial Mediterranean Fever since an early age. I was diagnosed through a gene test a few years ago. I would like to learn about the disease, including the prognosis of the condition and available support. See answer