This table lists symptoms that people with this disease may have. For most diseases, symptoms will vary from person to person. People with the same disease may not have all the symptoms listed. This information comes from a database called the Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) . The HPO collects information on symptoms that have been described in medical resources. The HPO is updated regularly. Use the HPO ID to access more in-depth information about a symptom.
|Medical Terms||Other Names||
|80%-99% of people have these symptoms|
|Cerebral cortex with spongiform changes||0006790|
Progressive dementia[ more ]
|Hyperintensity of cerebral white matter on
|Neuronal loss in
Loss of brain cells
|30%-79% of people have these symptoms|
Degeneration of cerebrum
Mental disorientation[ more ]
Poor memory[ more ]
|Recurrent aspiration pneumonia||0002100|
Frequent, severe infections
Increased frequency of infection
Predisposition to infections
Susceptibility to infection[ more ]
|Respiratory failure requiring assisted ventilation||0004887|
Infection in blood stream
|5%-29% of people have these symptoms|
|Abnormality of extrapyramidal motor function||0002071|
|Hyperactive deep tendon reflexes||0006801|
Involuntary muscle stiffness, contraction, or spasm
Loss of eyesight
Poor vision[ more ]
|Percent of people who have these symptoms is not available through HPO|
|Abnormal cerebellum morphology||
Abnormality of the cerebellum
Cerebellar anomaly[ more ]
Excessive, persistent worry and fear
Lack of feeling, emotion, interest
Difficulty finding words
Loss of words[ more ]
|Extrapyramidal muscular rigidity||0007076|
Inability to coordinate movements when walking
Sensory hallucination[ more ]
Weakness of one side of body
|Loss of facial expression||0005327|
|Supranuclear gaze palsy||0000605|
Once they appear, abnormal prion proteins aggregate, or clump together. Investigators think these protein aggregates may lead to the neuron loss and other brain damage seen in CJD. However, they do not know exactly how this damage occurs.
About 5 to 10 percent of all CJD cases are
If you need medical advice, you can look for doctors or other healthcare professionals who have experience with this disease. You may find these specialists through advocacy organizations, clinical trials, or articles published in medical journals. You may also want to contact a university or tertiary medical center in your area, because these centers tend to see more complex cases and have the latest technology and treatments.
If you can’t find a specialist in your local area, try contacting national or international specialists. They may be able to refer you to someone they know through conferences or research efforts. Some specialists may be willing to consult with you or your local doctors over the phone or by email if you can't travel to them for care.
You can find more tips in our guide, How to Find a Disease Specialist. We also encourage you to explore the rest of this page to find resources that can help you find specialists.
Research helps us better understand diseases and can lead to advances in diagnosis and treatment. This section provides resources to help you learn about medical research and ways to get involved.
Support and advocacy groups can help you connect with other patients and families, and they can provide valuable services. Many develop patient-centered information and are the driving force behind research for better treatments and possible cures. They can direct you to research, resources, and services. Many organizations also have experts who serve as medical advisors or provide lists of doctors/clinics. Visit the group’s website or contact them to learn about the services they offer. Inclusion on this list is not an endorsement by GARD.
Living with a genetic or rare disease can impact the daily lives of patients and families. These resources can help families navigate various aspects of living with a rare disease.
These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.
Questions sent to GARD may be posted here if the information could be helpful to others. We remove all identifying information when posting a question to protect your privacy. If you do not want your question posted, please let us know. Submit a new question
I recently had a family member pass away as a result of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Can you provide me with more information about this condition? See answer