The Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) provides the following list of features that have been reported in people with this condition. Much of the information in the HPO comes from Orphanet, a European rare disease database. If available, the list includes a rough estimate of how common a feature is (its frequency). Frequencies are based on a specific study and may not be representative of all studies. You can use the MedlinePlus Medical Dictionary for definitions of the terms below.
|Signs and Symptoms||Approximate number of patients (when available)|
|Abnormality of dental enamel||90%|
|Camptodactyly of finger||90%|
|Clinodactyly of the 5th finger||90%|
|Narrow nasal bridge||90%|
|Premature loss of primary teeth||90%|
|Reduced number of teeth||90%|
|Underdeveloped nasal alae||90%|
|Abnormal cortical bone morphology||50%|
|Abnormal hair quantity||50%|
|Abnormality of the fingernails||50%|
|Abnormality of the metaphyses||50%|
|Abnormality of the urinary system||50%|
|Aplasia/Hypoplasia of the cerebellum||50%|
|Broad alveolar ridges||50%|
|Conductive hearing impairment||50%|
|External ear malformation||50%|
|Median cleft lip||50%|
|Neurological speech impairment||50%|
|Abnormal diaphysis morphology||7.5%|
|Abnormal form of the vertebral bodies||7.5%|
|Abnormality of the clavicle||7.5%|
|Aplasia/Hypoplasia of the iris||7.5%|
|Deeply set eye||7.5%|
|Non-midline cleft lip||7.5%|
|Preaxial hand polydactyly||7.5%|
|Upslanted palpebral fissure||7.5%|
|Ventricular septal defect||7.5%|
|Abnormality of the pinna||5%|
|Atria septal defect||5%|
|3-4 toe syndactyly||-|
|4-5 finger syndactyly||-|
|Autosomal dominant inheritance||-|
|Basal ganglia calcification||-|
|Cleft upper lip||-|
|Hyperactive deep tendon reflexes||-|
|Hypoplasia of dental enamel||-|
|Joint contracture of the 5th finger||-|
|Premature loss of teeth||-|
|Selective tooth agenesis||-|
|Short middle phalanx of the 5th finger||-|
|Short palpebral fissure||-|
|Thin anteverted nares||-|
Making a diagnosis for a genetic or rare disease can often be challenging. Healthcare professionals typically look at a person’s medical history, symptoms, physical exam, and laboratory test results in order to make a diagnosis. The following resources provide information relating to diagnosis and testing for this condition. If you have questions about getting a diagnosis, you should contact a healthcare professional.
Research helps us better understand diseases and can lead to advances in diagnosis and treatment. This section provides resources to help you learn about medical research and ways to get involved.
Nonprofit support and advocacy groups bring together patients, families, medical professionals, and researchers. These groups often raise awareness, provide support, and develop patient-centered information. Many are the driving force behind research for better treatments and possible cures. They can direct people to research, resources, and services. Many groups also have experts who serve as medical advisors. Visit their website or contact them to learn about the services they offer. Inclusion on this list is not an endorsement by GARD. Suggest an organization to add.
Living with a genetic or rare disease can impact the daily lives of patients and families. These resources can help families navigate various aspects of living with a rare disease.
These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.