The Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) provides the following list of features that have been reported in people with this condition. Much of the information in the HPO comes from Orphanet, a European rare disease database. If available, the list includes a rough estimate of how common a feature is (its frequency). Frequencies are based on a specific study and may not be representative of all studies. You can use the MedlinePlus Medical Dictionary for definitions of the terms below.
|Signs and Symptoms||Approximate number of patients (when available)|
|Abnormality of the fingernails||90%|
|Abnormality of the toenails||90%|
|Intrauterine growth retardation||90%|
|Postaxial hand polydactyly||90%|
|Abnormal lung lobation||50%|
|Depressed nasal bridge||50%|
|Low-set, posteriorly rotated ears||50%|
|Multicystic kidney dysplasia||50%|
|Primary adrenal insufficiency||50%|
|Abnormality of the heart valves||7.5%|
|Aplasia/Hypoplasia of the corpus callosum||7.5%|
|Patent ductus arteriosus||7.5%|
|Postaxial foot polydactyly||7.5%|
|Ventricular septal defect||7.5%|
|Atresia of the external auditory canal||-|
|Autosomal dominant inheritance||-|
|Cleft upper lip||-|
|Decreased testicular size||-|
|Distal shortening of limbs||-|
|Distal urethral duplication||-|
|Growth hormone deficiency||-|
|Hypoplasia of the epiglottis||-|
|Mesoaxial foot polydactyly||-|
|Mesoaxial hand polydactyly||-|
|Midline facial capillary hemangioma||-|
|Preductal coarctation of the aorta||-|
|Radial head subluxation||-|
|Short 4th metacarpal||-|
Making a diagnosis for a genetic or rare disease can often be challenging. Healthcare professionals typically look at a person’s medical history, symptoms, physical exam, and laboratory test results in order to make a diagnosis. The following resources provide information relating to diagnosis and testing for this condition. If you have questions about getting a diagnosis, you should contact a healthcare professional.
The resources below provide information about treatment options for this condition. If you have questions about which treatment is right for you, talk to your healthcare professional.
Research helps us better understand diseases and can lead to advances in diagnosis and treatment. This section provides resources to help you learn about medical research and ways to get involved.
Living with a genetic or rare disease can impact the daily lives of patients and families. These resources can help families navigate various aspects of living with a rare disease.
These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.