|Medical Terms||Other Names||
|80%-99% of people have these symptoms|
|Abnormal pericardium morphology||0001697|
|Abnormality of the sternum||
|Ventricular septal defect||
Hole in heart wall separating two lower heart chambers
|30%-79% of people have these symptoms|
|Atrial septal defect||
An opening in the wall separating the top two chambers of the heart
Hole in heart wall separating two upper heart chambers[ more ]
Underdeveloped lung[ more ]
|5%-29% of people have these symptoms|
|Abnormality of tibia morphology||
Abnormality of the shankbone
Abnormality of the shinbone[ more ]
|Aplasia/Hypoplasia of the radius||0006501|
Cleft roof of mouth
Too much cerebrospinal fluid in the brain
Multiple small spleens
Missing kidney[ more ]
Abnormal curving of the spine
Claw hand deformities
Split-hand[ more ]
|Tetralogy of Fallot||0001636|
|Percent of people who have these symptoms is not available through HPO|
|Cleft upper lip||
|Patent ductus arteriosus||0001643|
|Transposition of the great arteries||0001669|
If you need medical advice, you can look for doctors or other healthcare professionals who have experience with this disease. You may find these specialists through advocacy organizations, clinical trials, or articles published in medical journals. You may also want to contact a university or tertiary medical center in your area, because these centers tend to see more complex cases and have the latest technology and treatments.
If you can’t find a specialist in your local area, try contacting national or international specialists. They may be able to refer you to someone they know through conferences or research efforts. Some specialists may be willing to consult with you or your local doctors over the phone or by email if you can't travel to them for care.
You can find more tips in our guide, How to Find a Disease Specialist. We also encourage you to explore the rest of this page to find resources that can help you find specialists.
Related diseases are conditions that have similar signs and symptoms. A health care provider may consider these conditions in the table below when making a diagnosis. Please note that the table may not include all the possible conditions related to this disease.
Conditions with similar signs and symptoms from Orphanet
Differential diagnosis includes limb body wall complex, omphalocele (see these terms), thoracic EC and amniotic bands (see this term).
Visit the Orphanet disease page for more information.
Research helps us better understand diseases and can lead to advances in diagnosis and treatment. This section provides resources to help you learn about medical research and ways to get involved.
Support and advocacy groups can help you connect with other patients and families, and they can provide valuable services. Many develop patient-centered information and are the driving force behind research for better treatments and possible cures. They can direct you to research, resources, and services. Many organizations also have experts who serve as medical advisors or provide lists of doctors/clinics. Visit the group’s website or contact them to learn about the services they offer. Inclusion on this list is not an endorsement by GARD.
Questions sent to GARD may be posted here if the information could be helpful to others. We remove all identifying information when posting a question to protect your privacy. If you do not want your question posted, please let us know. Submit a new question
My sister recently lost her unborn baby due to the baby having pentalogy of Cantrell. She was told by physicians here in the Philippines to get genetic counseling with regards to possible future pregnancies. I was wondering if there is a genetic counseling specialist on that disease that may help her and her husband. They are flying to the United States so can see someone there if possible. Any help would be appreciated. Thank you very much. See answer
I am a layperson and many articles I have seen are geared toward those with medical backgrounds. Has it been determined that pentalogy of Cantrell is genetic? Is it X-linked? Does this mean that male children are at risk? And how does this impact future siblings? See answer