The Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) provides the following list of features that have been reported in people with this condition. Much of the information in the HPO comes from Orphanet, a European rare disease database. If available, the list includes a rough estimate of how common a feature is (its frequency). Frequencies are based on a specific study and may not be representative of all studies. You can use the MedlinePlus Medical Dictionary for definitions of the terms below.
|Signs and Symptoms||Approximate number of patients (when available)|
|Feeding difficulties in infancy||90%|
|Abnormal pattern of respiration||50%|
|Abnormal pyramidal signs||50%|
|Abnormality of eye movement||50%|
|Aplasia/Hypoplasia of the corpus callosum||50%|
|Intrauterine growth retardation||50%|
|Neurological speech impairment||50%|
|Abnormal facial shape||35%|
|Abnormality of the nose||7.5%|
|Abnormality of the palate||7.5%|
|Upslanted palpebral fissure||7.5%|
|Agenesis of corpus callosum||-|
|Apneic episodes precipitated by illness, fatigue, stress||-|
|Basal ganglia cysts||-|
|Chronic lactic acidosis||-|
|Decreased activity of the pyruvate dehydrogenase complex||-|
|Increased CSF lactate||-|
|Increased serum lactate||-|
|Severe lactic acidosis||-|
|Small for gestational age||-|
|Wide nasal bridge||-|
|X-linked dominant inheritance||-|
Research helps us better understand diseases and can lead to advances in diagnosis and treatment. This section provides resources to help you learn about medical research and ways to get involved.
Nonprofit support and advocacy groups bring together patients, families, medical professionals, and researchers. These groups often raise awareness, provide support, and develop patient-centered information. Many are the driving force behind research for better treatments and possible cures. They can direct people to research, resources, and services. Many groups also have experts who serve as medical advisors. Visit their website or contact them to learn about the services they offer. Inclusion on this list is not an endorsement by GARD.
Living with a genetic or rare disease can impact the daily lives of patients and families. These resources can help families navigate various aspects of living with a rare disease.
These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.
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My 10 month old son was diagnosed with pyruvate dehydrogenase deficiency at 2.5 months of age. I have been told that he will likely not survive beyond 1 year of age. Could you please provide some general, understandable information about this condition? See answer