This table lists symptoms that people with this disease may have. For most diseases, symptoms will vary from person to person. People with the same disease may not have all the symptoms listed. This information comes from a database called the Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) . The HPO collects information on symptoms that have been described in medical resources. The HPO is updated regularly. Use the HPO ID to access more in-depth information about a symptom.
|Medical Terms||Other Names||
|80%-99% of people have these symptoms|
Low blood potassium levels
|30%-79% of people have these symptoms|
Pain in stomach
Stomach pain[ more ]
|Failure to thrive||
Weight faltering[ more ]
Low blood magnesium levels
|Low-to-normal blood pressure||0002632|
|Prolonged QT interval||0001657|
|5%-29% of people have these symptoms|
Delayed pubertal development
Delayed pubertal growth
Pubertal delay[ more ]
High blood magnesium levels
Low blood calcium levels
Body fails to respond to insulin
|Nausea and vomiting||0002017|
High urine protein levels
Protein in urine[ more ]
|Renal potassium wasting||0000128|
|1%-4% of people have these symptoms|
Abnormal deposits of calcium in the brain
Calcium deposits in joints
|Decreased urinary potassium||0012364|
|Excessive daytime sleepiness||0002189|
|Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis||0000097|
Sweating, increased[ more ]
Difficulty staying or falling asleep
Muscle pain[ more ]
Cancer of the pancreas
Pancreatic tumor[ more ]
Missed heart beat
Skipped heart beat[ more ]
Inability to move
Pins and needles feeling
Tingling[ more ]
Fluid around heart
|Prolonged PR interval||0012248|
|Prominent U wave||0025072|
|Renal Fanconi syndrome||0001994|
|Renal tubular acidosis||
Accumulation of acid in body due to kidney problem
Difficulty breathing[ more ]
Breakdown of skeletal muscle
|ST segment depression||0012250|
Ringing in ears
Ringing in the ears[ more ]
Type 1 diabetes
Type I diabetes[ more ]
|Type II diabetes mellitus||
Type 2 diabetes
Type II diabetes[ more ]
Loss of bladder control
|Percent of people who have these symptoms is not available through HPO|
Tiredness[ more ]
|Generalized muscle weakness||0003324|
Low urine calcium levels
Low blood pressure
|Increased circulating renin level||
Elevated blood renin level
Signs and symptoms begin before 15 years of age
Increased urine output
Increased body temperature, episodic
Intermittent fever[ more ]
|Renal magnesium wasting||0005567|
Intermittent involuntary muscle spasm
If you need medical advice, you can look for doctors or other healthcare professionals who have experience with this disease. You may find these specialists through advocacy organizations, clinical trials, or articles published in medical journals. You may also want to contact a university or tertiary medical center in your area, because these centers tend to see more complex cases and have the latest technology and treatments.
If you can’t find a specialist in your local area, try contacting national or international specialists. They may be able to refer you to someone they know through conferences or research efforts. Some specialists may be willing to consult with you or your local doctors over the phone or by email if you can't travel to them for care.
You can find more tips in our guide, How to Find a Disease Specialist. We also encourage you to explore the rest of this page to find resources that can help you find specialists.
Related diseases are conditions that have similar signs and symptoms. A health care provider may consider these conditions in the table below when making a diagnosis. Please note that the table may not include all the possible conditions related to this disease.
Conditions with similar signs and symptoms from Orphanet
Bartter syndrome (especially type III, caused by mutation in CLCNKB) can be clinically indistinguishable from GS. Mutation in the HNF1B can mimic the electrolyte abnormalities (particularly hypomagnesemia) encountered in GS. Biochemical abnormalities are identical in EAST/SESAME syndrome, but the extra renal features allow it to be distinguished from GS. Chronic thiazide use can cause an acquired GS-like clinical picture.
Visit the Orphanet disease page for more information.
Research helps us better understand diseases and can lead to advances in diagnosis and treatment. This section provides resources to help you learn about medical research and ways to get involved.
Support and advocacy groups can help you connect with other patients and families, and they can provide valuable services. Many develop patient-centered information and are the driving force behind research for better treatments and possible cures. They can direct you to research, resources, and services. Many organizations also have experts who serve as medical advisors or provide lists of doctors/clinics. Visit the group’s website or contact them to learn about the services they offer. Inclusion on this list is not an endorsement by GARD.
These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.
Questions sent to GARD may be posted here if the information could be helpful to others. We remove all identifying information when posting a question to protect your privacy. If you do not want your question posted, please let us know.