The Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) provides the following list of features that have been reported in people with this condition. Much of the information in the HPO comes from Orphanet, a European rare disease database. If available, the list includes a rough estimate of how common a feature is (its frequency). Frequencies are based on a specific study and may not be representative of all studies. You can use the MedlinePlus Medical Dictionary for definitions of the terms below.
|Signs and Symptoms||Approximate number of patients (when available)|
|Abnormality of bone mineral density||90%|
|Aplasia/Hypoplasia of the earlobes||90%|
|Decreased body weight||90%|
|Intrauterine growth retardation||90%|
|Prematurely aged appearance||90%|
|Abnormal hair quantity||50%|
|Abnormality of dental enamel||50%|
|Abnormality of the hip bone||50%|
|Reduced number of teeth||50%|
|High pitched voice||4/4|
|11 pairs of ribs||-|
|Abnormal finger flexion creases||-|
|Abnormality of the pinna||-|
|Autosomal recessive inheritance||-|
|Cerebellar vermis hypoplasia||-|
|Clinodactyly of the 5th finger||-|
|Cone-shaped epiphyses of the phalanges of the hand||-|
|Convex nasal ridge||-|
|Delayed skeletal maturation||-|
|Dislocated radial head||-|
|Elbow flexion contracture||-|
|Few cafe-au-lait spots||-|
|Hypoplasia of dental enamel||-|
|Hypoplasia of proximal fibula||-|
|Hypoplasia of proximal radius||-|
|Large basal ganglia||-|
|Mild global developmental delay||-|
|Prominent nasal bridge||-|
|Proportionate short stature||-|
|Selective tooth agenesis||-|
|Single transverse palmar crease||-|
|Small anterior fontanelle||-|
|Small for gestational age||-|
Making a diagnosis for a genetic or rare disease can often be challenging. Healthcare professionals typically look at a person’s medical history, symptoms, physical exam, and laboratory test results in order to make a diagnosis. The following resources provide information relating to diagnosis and testing for this condition. If you have questions about getting a diagnosis, you should contact a healthcare professional.
Research helps us better understand diseases and can lead to advances in diagnosis and treatment. This section provides resources to help you learn about medical research and ways to get involved.
Nonprofit support and advocacy groups bring together patients, families, medical professionals, and researchers. These groups often raise awareness, provide support, and develop patient-centered information. Many are the driving force behind research for better treatments and possible cures. They can direct people to research, resources, and services. Many groups also have experts who serve as medical advisors. Visit their website or contact them to learn about the services they offer. Inclusion on this list is not an endorsement by GARD.
Living with a genetic or rare disease can impact the daily lives of patients and families. These resources can help families navigate various aspects of living with a rare disease.
These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.
Questions sent to GARD may be posted here if the information could be helpful to others. We remove all identifying information when posting a question to protect your privacy. If you do not want your question posted, please let us know.