Related diseases are conditions that have similar signs and symptoms. A health care provider may consider these conditions in the table below when making a diagnosis. Please note that the table may not include all the possible conditions related to this disease.
Conditions with similar signs and symptoms from Orphanet
MS is the main differential diagnosis. The differentiation between ADEM and a first episode of MS can be very difficult but has important prognostic and treatment implications. Differential diagnosis also includes infectious encephalitis, Guillain-Barré syndrome, glioblastoma multiforme, Schilder's disease (see these terms), psychotic disorders with acute onset, toxic/metabolic encephalopathy, vasculitis, nonvasculitic autoimmune encephalopathy, meningitis, metastatic tumor.
Visit the Orphanet disease page for more information.
Research helps us better understand diseases and can lead to advances in diagnosis and treatment. This section provides resources to help you learn about medical research and ways to get involved.
Support and advocacy groups can help you connect with other patients and families, and they can provide valuable services. Many develop patient-centered information and are the driving force behind research for better treatments and possible cures. They can direct you to research, resources, and services. Many organizations also have experts who serve as medical advisors or provide lists of doctors/clinics. Visit the group’s website or contact them to learn about the services they offer. Inclusion on this list is not an endorsement by GARD.
These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.
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One of my relatives was diagnosed with acute disseminated encephalomyelitis in 1997. Due to poor medical care, he has not received consistent treatment and his health has deteriorated over the years. He is now completely paralyzed. Is it too late for treatment to be effective? What is the prognosis for an individual who has not been treated promptly? See answer