This table lists symptoms that people with this disease may have. For most diseases, symptoms will vary from person to person. People with the same disease may not have all the symptoms listed. This information comes from a database called the Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) . The HPO collects information on symptoms that have been described in medical resources. The HPO is updated regularly. Use the HPO ID to access more in-depth information about a symptom.
|Medical Terms||Other Names||
|5%-29% of people have these symptoms|
Low blood magnesium levels
|Percent of people who have these symptoms is not available through HPO|
|Abnormally large globe||
Increased size of eyes
Large eyes[ more ]
Calcium deposits in joints
|Failure to thrive||
Weight faltering[ more ]
|Generalized muscle weakness||0003324|
|Hyperactive renin-angiotensin system||0000841|
Elevated plasma aldosterone
Increased aldosterone production[ more ]
Elevated urine calcium levels
Increased urinary chloride
High urine prostaglandin levels
Low blood chloride levels
Low blood potassium levels
|Hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis||0001960|
|Increased circulating renin level||
Elevated blood renin level
|Increased serum prostaglandin E2||0003566|
|Increased urinary potassium||0003081|
Mental retardation, nonspecific
Mental-retardation[ more ]
|Low-to-normal blood pressure||0002632|
Increased size of skull
Large head circumference[ more ]
Too much calcium deposited in kidneys
Pins and needles feeling
Tingling[ more ]
High levels of amniotic fluid
Increased urine output
Premature delivery of affected infants
Preterm delivery[ more ]
Protruding forehead[ more ]
|Renal potassium wasting||0000128|
|Renal salt wasting||
Loss of salt in urine
Decreased body height
Small stature[ more ]
|Small for gestational age||
Birth weight less than 10th percentile
Low birth weight[ more ]
Intermittent involuntary muscle spasm
Face with broad temples and narrow chin
Triangular facial shape[ more ]
Making a diagnosis for a genetic or rare disease can often be challenging. Healthcare professionals typically look at a person’s medical history, symptoms, physical exam, and laboratory test results in order to make a diagnosis. The following resources provide information relating to diagnosis and testing for this condition. If you have questions about getting a diagnosis, you should contact a healthcare professional.
If you need medical advice, you can look for doctors or other healthcare professionals who have experience with this disease. You may find these specialists through advocacy organizations, clinical trials, or articles published in medical journals. You may also want to contact a university or tertiary medical center in your area, because these centers tend to see more complex cases and have the latest technology and treatments.
If you can’t find a specialist in your local area, try contacting national or international specialists. They may be able to refer you to someone they know through conferences or research efforts. Some specialists may be willing to consult with you or your local doctors over the phone or by email if you can't travel to them for care.
You can find more tips in our guide, How to Find a Disease Specialist. We also encourage you to explore the rest of this page to find resources that can help you find specialists.
Support and advocacy groups can help you connect with other patients and families, and they can provide valuable services. Many develop patient-centered information and are the driving force behind research for better treatments and possible cures. They can direct you to research, resources, and services. Many organizations also have experts who serve as medical advisors or provide lists of doctors/clinics. Visit the group’s website or contact them to learn about the services they offer. Inclusion on this list is not an endorsement by GARD.
These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.
Questions sent to GARD may be posted here if the information could be helpful to others. We remove all identifying information when posting a question to protect your privacy. If you do not want your question posted, please let us know.