The Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) provides the following list of features that have been reported in people with this condition. Much of the information in the HPO comes from Orphanet, a European rare disease database. If available, the list includes a rough estimate of how common a feature is (its frequency). Frequencies are based on a specific study and may not be representative of all studies. You can use the MedlinePlus Medical Dictionary for definitions of the terms below.
|Signs and Symptoms||Approximate number of patients (when available)|
|Abnormality of the teeth||90%|
|Deep plantar creases||90%|
|Downturned corners of mouth||90%|
|Low posterior hairline||90%|
|Thin vermilion border||90%|
|Abnormality of female external genitalia||50%|
|Abnormality of the pulmonary artery||50%|
|Abnormality of the urinary system||50%|
|Camptodactyly of finger||50%|
|Clinodactyly of the 5th finger||50%|
|Depressed nasal bridge||50%|
|External ear malformation||50%|
|Low-set, posteriorly rotated ears||50%|
|Patent ductus arteriosus||50%|
|Single transverse palmar crease||50%|
|Tetralogy of Fallot||50%|
|Thick lower lip vermilion||50%|
|Ventricular septal defect||50%|
|Abnormality of the gastrointestinal tract||7.5%|
|Atria septal defect||-|
|Autosomal dominant inheritance||-|
|Delayed CNS myelination||-|
|Double outlet right ventricle||-|
|Joint contracture of the hand||-|
|Posteriorly rotated ears||-|
|Postnatal growth retardation||-|
Making a diagnosis for a genetic or rare disease can often be challenging. Healthcare professionals typically look at a person’s medical history, symptoms, physical exam, and laboratory test results in order to make a diagnosis. The following resources provide information relating to diagnosis and testing for this condition. If you have questions about getting a diagnosis, you should contact a healthcare professional.
Research helps us better understand diseases and can lead to advances in diagnosis and treatment. This section provides resources to help you learn about medical research and ways to get involved.
Nonprofit support and advocacy groups bring together patients, families, medical professionals, and researchers. These groups often raise awareness, provide support, and develop patient-centered information. Many are the driving force behind research for better treatments and possible cures. They can direct people to research, resources, and services. Many groups also have experts who serve as medical advisors. Visit their website or contact them to learn about the services they offer. Inclusion on this list is not an endorsement by GARD.
Living with a genetic or rare disease can impact the daily lives of patients and families. These resources can help families navigate various aspects of living with a rare disease.
These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.
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I am a carrier for recombinant chromosome 8 syndrome. Should my children have a blood test to see if they are also carriers? See answer