The Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) provides the following list of features that have been reported in people with this condition. Much of the information in the HPO comes from Orphanet, a European rare disease database. If available, the list includes a rough estimate of how common a feature is (its frequency). Frequencies are based on a specific study and may not be representative of all studies. You can use the MedlinePlus Medical Dictionary for definitions of the terms below.
|Signs and Symptoms||Approximate number of patients (when available)|
|Hypoplasia of penis||90%|
|Postaxial foot polydactyly||90%|
|Abnormal form of the vertebral bodies||50%|
|Abnormal localization of kidney||50%|
|Abnormality of erythrocytes||50%|
|Abnormality of the palate||50%|
|Cerebral cortical atrophy||50%|
|Downturned corners of mouth||50%|
|Intrauterine growth retardation||50%|
|Opacification of the corneal stroma||50%|
|Postaxial hand polydactyly||50%|
|Prominent metopic ridge||50%|
|Abnormality of cholesterol metabolism||2/2|
|Foam cells with lamellar inclusion bodies||2/2|
|Postaxial foot polydactyly||3/3|
|Conductive hearing impairment||1/2|
|Ambiguous genitalia, male||1/3|
|Elevated alkaline phosphatase||1/3|
|Elevated hepatic transaminases||1/3|
|Opacification of the corneal stroma||1/3|
|Postaxial hand polydactyly||1/3|
|Thick upper lip vermilion||1/3|
|Thin vermilion border||1/3|
|Wide nasal bridge||1/3|
|Autosomal recessive inheritance||-|
|Increased mean platelet volume||-|
Making a diagnosis for a genetic or rare disease can often be challenging. Healthcare professionals typically look at a person’s medical history, symptoms, physical exam, and laboratory test results in order to make a diagnosis. The following resources provide information relating to diagnosis and testing for this condition. If you have questions about getting a diagnosis, you should contact a healthcare professional.
Research helps us better understand diseases and can lead to advances in diagnosis and treatment. This section provides resources to help you learn about medical research and ways to get involved.
Living with a genetic or rare disease can impact the daily lives of patients and families. These resources can help families navigate various aspects of living with a rare disease.
These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.
Questions sent to GARD may be posted here if the information could be helpful to others. We remove all identifying information when posting a question to protect your privacy. If you do not want your question posted, please let us know.