This table lists symptoms that people with this disease may have. For most diseases, symptoms will vary from person to person. People with the same disease may not have all the symptoms listed. This information comes from a database called the Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) . The HPO collects information on symptoms that have been described in medical resources. The HPO is updated regularly. Use the HPO ID to access more in-depth information about a symptom.
|Medical Terms||Other Names||
|80%-99% of people have these symptoms|
|Percent of people who have these symptoms is not available through HPO|
|Elevated circulating follicle stimulating
|Elevated serum creatine phosphokinase||
Elevated blood creatine phosphokinase
Elevated circulating creatine phosphokinase
Elevated creatine kinase
Elevated serum CPK
Elevated serum creatine kinase
High serum creatine kinase
Increased creatine kinase
Increased creatine phosphokinase
Increased serum CK
Increased serum creatine kinase
Increased serum creatine phosphokinase[ more ]
Decreased activity of gonads
|Iridescent posterior subcapsular cataract||0007889|
|Neck flexor weakness||
Neck flexion weakness
Low sperm count
Missed heart beat
Skipped heart beat[ more ]
|Proximal muscle weakness||0003701|
Fast heart rate
Racing heart[ more ]
|Type 2 muscle fiber atrophy||0003554|
Myotonia is usually mild and rarely requires treatment. Routine exercise appears to help with pain control, as well as with muscle strength and endurance. The effectiveness of most medications for pain management varies. Mexilitene, which is very effective for some forms of myotonia, has helped control muscle pain in some people with this condition. Other medications that have been used with some success include gabapentin, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), low-dose thyroid replacement, low-dose steroids, and tricyclic antidepressants. Cholesterol-lowering medications should be avoided when they are associated with increased weakness.
There are steps a person can take to prevent some secondary complications. Anesthetic risk may be increased, so careful assessment of heart and respiratory function before and after surgery are recommended. Affected people should also have a yearly electrocardiogram or cardiac
You can see more detailed information about the management of myotonic dystrophy type 2 on the GeneReviews Web site.
Research helps us better understand diseases and can lead to advances in diagnosis and treatment. This section provides resources to help you learn about medical research and ways to get involved.
Support and advocacy groups can help you connect with other patients and families, and they can provide valuable services. Many develop patient-centered information and are the driving force behind research for better treatments and possible cures. They can direct you to research, resources, and services. Many organizations also have experts who serve as medical advisors or provide lists of doctors/clinics. Visit the group’s website or contact them to learn about the services they offer. Inclusion on this list is not an endorsement by GARD.
Living with a genetic or rare disease can impact the daily lives of patients and families. These resources can help families navigate various aspects of living with a rare disease.
These resources provide more information about this condition or associated symptoms. The in-depth resources contain medical and scientific language that may be hard to understand. You may want to review these resources with a medical professional.
Got a Great Research Idea? ‘All of Us’ Wants to Hear It!
January 18, 2018
New NCATS Rare Diseases Research Video
December 27, 2017
Rare Disease Day at NIH on March 1, 2018
December 19, 2017
Questions sent to GARD may be posted here if the information could be helpful to others. We remove all identifying information when posting a question to protect your privacy. If you do not want your question posted, please let us know. Submit a new question
I am 36 and I have been fighting this since my twenties. It started in my legs and now my neck. I want to know is there something to slow this down, what's next, and is my life span shortened? See answer
I'm 53 years old and have a very unusual sickness. Since I was 16 years old, I have been sick for several periods of the year. I was diagnosed with Kleine Levin syndrome four years ago, and the symptoms are very much like what other patients have described. Is there anyone else that has been sick with Kleine Levin syndrome for so long? I also received the diagnosis of myotonic dystrophy type 2 five years ago. Can Kleine Levin syndrome and myotonic dystrophy type 2 have anything to do with each other? See answer
My husband has been diagnosed with type 2 myotonic dystrophy. We have two daughters who will be tested. Where can we learn more about this condition? See answer